The European Union, together with its Chinese partners, has successfully implemented a 3-year joint project aimed at strengthening the technical infrastructure and professional capability in the partner organisations in order to ensure an appropriate consideration of nuclear and radiation safety in the framework of the implementation of the Chinese nuclear power programme, in accordance with international standards and best practices adopted in the EU. This EUR 1.37 million project (about CNY 10.1 million) was financed through the EU's Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation.
Within the framework of this project, implemented in cooperation with the China Atomic Energy Authority (CAEA), extensive knowledge transfer took place on methods, knowhow, standards and best practices in the following areas associated with the construction, operation and decommissioning of nuclear installations: inspection procedures and technical specifications for non-destructive testing of heavy components, technical standards in the area of I&C classification, equipment qualification, fire protection and probabilistic safety assessment of internal fires, safety assessment of plans, technologies and facilities in the area of decommissioning and radioactive waste management of a heavy water research reactor, liquid waste storage ponds and uranium mining and milling facilities. Implementation of the project included technical discussions, visits, workshops, development of standards and other technical documents. The Chinese organizations involved in this project as target groups were the Research Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (RINPO), the Institute for Standardisation of Nuclear Industry (ISNI), the China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE), the Nuclear Technical Support Centre of the China Atomic Energy Authority (CAEA/NTSC) and China Nuclear Power Engineering (CNPE). The execution of the project resulted in the development of 28 technical documents, the organization of 11 workshops and 5 technical visits of Chinese specialists to the EU. More than 220 Chinese experts participated in the workshops.
This project was implemented through a contract with the Nuclear Research Institute (UJV Rez, a.s.), a key research and engineering organization in the area of nuclear power in the Czech Republic.
Following the Chornobyl accident in 1986, the EU launched a nuclear safety programme under TACIS (Technical Assistance to the Commonwealth of Independent States) which, between 1991 and 2006, allocated some €1.3 billion to nuclear safety and security projects. From 2007 to 2013, the EU expanded its nuclear safety assistance to third countries under the Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation (INSC) with a total budget allocation of €524 million. In June 2014, the strategy for the implementation of Phase 2 of the INSC (2014 – 2020) was agreed, committing an extra €225 million for nuclear safety projects. Cooperation with China began in 2010, and to date, about €10 million (about CNY 73.7 million) has been committed for China under the INSC.
In response to its continuing growth associated with increasing demand for energy, and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, China has formulated ambitious plans for the development and use of nuclear power. This rapid expansion in the use of nuclear energy brings major challenges in many areas associated with implementation of nuclear power. Establishing effective cooperation between Chinese and European nuclear institutions is contributing to a common understanding in implementing requirements, standards and international best practice on nuclear safety.
For more information, please contact:
Mr J. Misak, Nuclear Research Institute (UJV Rez, a.s.) Project Manager; e-mail: Jozef.Misak@ujv.cz