Delegation of the European Union to Cameroon

Speech by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini at the European Parliament plenary debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law: Haiti

Brussels, 28/11/2019 - 15:22, UNIQUE ID: 191128_18
HR/VP speeches

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The poorest country in the Americas is now paralysed by a crisis that is political as well as social and economic.

Large segments of the population are protesting against the way the country is currently governed and particularly against corruption and mismanagement cases that have involved high figures in the institutions.

Young activists are at the forefront of the protest, but farmers and shopkeepers have also joined and after years of economic crisis, the country is now facing a constitutional crisis too, with no government and no parliament.

The protests started – some of you have mentioned it – over fuel shortages over the summer, and they are now paralysing the country: businesses, hospitals, schools, government institutions are often closed. Transport throughout the country has become very complicated, including for humanitarian aid and the country is basically at a standstill.

Political stances are getting more radical, the humanitarian crisis is worsening and gang-related violence is also on the rise.

We have been and constantly are following very closely the current crisis, coordinating with the countries and institutions from the 'core group'. We also have urged the authorities to conduct effective and thorough investigations into crimes.

The authorities must guarantee the right to demonstrate freely and peacefully, and violence must be avoided under all circumstances.

I expressed this position on behalf of the twenty eight Member States earlier this month. We also called on all actors to engage in a national dialogue to identify consensual solutions to the current crisis, in its political, economic and humanitarian dimensions. 

Let me also recall that the European Union is also coordinating with other donors to provide urgent relief inside the country, because the humanitarian situation is dramatic. Yet the current situation is clearly unsustainable, it is not only a matter of humanitarian aid, it is a political process that can create the conditions for the international community to support the country's long-term development.

Signora Presidente, mi consenta per concludere innanzitutto di utilizzare la mia lingua - cosa che ho fatto raramente in questo emiciclo - per ringraziare di un’ottima collaborazione che abbiamo avuto lungo questi 5 anni l’inizio  di questo mandato parlamentare in questi ultimi mesi e i colleghi parlamentari europei che sono stati in questi banchi nei quattro anni e mezzo precedenti. Ho sempre dato estrema importanza al ruolo della diplomazia parlamentare. Credo che il ruolo del Parlamento europeo sia fondamentale non soltanto per la democrazia europea ma anche per il nostro lavoro, per la pace, la sicurezza e una politica estera cooperativa nel mondo, soprattutto in questo mondo di oggi. E vorrei sinceramente ringraziare i Membri del Parlamento, tutti, il Presidente, i Vice-Presidenti, tutti i gruppi politici, e in particolare le due Commissioni con le quali ho avuto il piacere di lavorare più strettamente: la Commissione Affari Esteri e la Commissione Sviluppo, che hanno sempre sostenuto in modo fondamentale il mio lavoro in questi anni.

Grazie mille.

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