The biggest area of EU support for transport is in the upgrading of roads. Work on two major roads, Eldoret-Malaba (Northern Corridor, 120km) and Merille River-Marsabit (Cape Town-Cairo Corridor, also 120km), was recently completed at a combined cost of €250 million of which the EU provided €169 million in grants.
Work on four road projects is underway,
- Nairobi "missing links" road infrastructure (numerous areas of work: for details see page 2 of the Nairobi County development assistance brochure);
- Rural roads in Embu (D470, Kyeni - Kathanjure-Karurumo Road, 11Km), Tharaka/Nithi Region (D472, Chuka – Kaanwa - Kareni Road, 30Km), Meru (E773/R24, Ndurumo - Giaki - Miamponi Road, 24Km), Makueni (D515 S.1 Katuaa - Kee - Nunguni Road, 20Km), and Machakos (E480/E477 Kivandini - Kwa Mutisya - Kali Road, 16Km)
- Tourist Roads to upgrade roads to and within the Mt. Kenya National Park (Kalalu Farm - Sirimon Gate - Old Moses Camp Road and Naromoru Gate - Met Station Road, 27km) and Aberdare National Park (57km);
- The Ahero-Isebania road linking Kenya with Tanzania.
The total investment in these four projects is €300 million, of which the EU is providing €69 million.
Planning is fairly advanced on three more road projects:
- The Mombasa-Mariakani and Kitale-Morpus roads, and rural roads in arid and semi-arid areas of Kenya. Investment of €426 million is planned, with the EU planning to provide €75 million in grants (with some of the foreseen additional financing for them coming from the European Investment Bank, Germany's KfW and France's AFD).
Two other transport projects, for which EU grant funding has been allocated (but work isn't yet underway), are: are:
- €253 million upgrading of four berths in Mombasa port (supported by a €19 million EU grant, with some of the additional financing coming from the European Investment Bank and France's AFD);
- €350 million Nairobi urban mobility programme (supported by a €45 million EU grant, with some of the additional financing coming from the European Investment Bank, Germany's KfW and France's AFD).
The three EU-funded energy projects in Kenya, which are all underway, are:
- €500+ million for the 310MW Lake Turkana Wind Park, the largest windfarm in sub-Saharan Africa developed by the private sector. This is supported by a €25 million EU grant, with some of the additional financing coming from the European Investment Bank and some from EU Member States;
- €180 million for "last mile connectivity" linking some 300,000 rural households to nearby power lines. This is supported by a €30 million EU grant, with the rest of the financing coming as loans from the European Investment Bank and France's AFD;
- €100 million for a geothermal risk mitigation facility (supported by a €30 million EU grant, with the additional financing coming from the UK's DfID and Germany's KfW).
The EU is supporting the Kenya Green Mini Grid Facility, a programme to improve access to electricity in remote areas of the country by encouraging private investment in mini-grids based on renewable energy sources. The EU is providing a €5.65 million grant for investment and technical assistance, together with a £9.1 million grant from UK's DfID, and the programme is managed by France's AFD.
Through a €4 million technical assistance grant, the EU is supporting Sunref East Africa (for Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania). Under this programme France's AFD is providing a €35 million credit line to help private companies to make cost savings and become more competitive by investing in energy-efficient equipment and better energy management.
The European Investment Bank is considering possible investment in two 40MW solar power plants in Eldoret, as well as an extension of the Olkaria geothermal plant (the bank has earmarked €113 million for the addition of a 70MW turbine and the construction of the necessary wells, steam-gathering system and interconnection facilities).
The EU is funding four projects in Kenya's water sector:
- €35 million water transmission, storage and distribution in east and west Nairobi (supported by a €5 million EU grant, with the additional financing coming from Germany's KfW);
- €4 million for water sanitation in Nakuru County (supported by a €3 million EU grant);
- €60 million for water supply and sanitation in Kisumu (supported by a €5 million EU grant, with some of the additional financing coming from the European Investment Bank and France's AFD);
- €6 million for Lake Victoria water management (supported by a €2 million EU grant for sanitation in Kisumu's informal settlements, with the additional financing coming from Germany's KfW).
The Africa Maritime Technology Cooperation Centre (MTCC) is based in Mombasa, Kenya. It is one of the five global MTCC centres financed by the European Union through the GMN project implemented by the International Maritime Organisation. The Mombasa MTCC covers the African region. It is a centre of excellence in promoting cutting edge low-carbon technologies and operations in maritime transport and helps participating countries develop national energy-efficiency policies and measures for their maritime sectors. Four other MTCCs are based in Asia, Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, all supported by the European Union.