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Conflict diamonds have played a major role in funding some of the most devastating civil wars in Africa. The Kimberley Process is a coalition of governments, civil society and the diamond industry which is helping to eliminate the trade in so-called conflict diamonds. It regulates the international trade in rough diamonds, promoting the notion that natural resources belong to mining communities, not to militias.
Holding the rotating Chairmanship of the Kimberley Process in 2018, the EU seeks to ensure that the Process remains fit for purpose in a changing context.
To read more about the Kimberly Process, view the fact sheet here.