Political relations between Costa Rica and the European Union have historically been very strong. Both regions initiated a very fruitful and mutually beneficial dialogue: the San José dialogue of 1984. This process, along with growing political engagement and a commitment to cooperation between the EU and Central America, was a result of both regions' desire to find, together with the Contadora Group (Colombia, Mexico, Panama and Venezuela), negotiated solutions to the violent crisis that ravaged the Central American isthmus.
Over the years the dialogue has been expanded, adapting to the new reality in the Central American region. The Framework Cooperation Agreement, signed in February 1993 between Europe and Central America, expanded the topics covered to include economic cooperation and traditional cooperation on development and, in addition, cooperation programmes in the areas of science, technology, environmental protection, the fight against drugs, and respect for human rights.
Other agreements and projects in which Costa Rica takes part have followed this one. The most ambitious of these is the recently concluded comprehensive Association Agreement between the EU and Central America.