I have the honor to speak on behalf of those EU Member States that are members of the Council. This explanation of vote has been agreed by the EU as a whole.
Since the establishment of the Working Group on the Right to Peace in the Human Rights Council, the EU consistently expressed its willingness to engage in discussions about the linkages between peace and the enjoyment of human rights, with a view to reaching consensus on the Declaration. However, the EU was not in a position to support this Declaration.
The EU would like to reaffirm its long-term position that there is no legal basis for the “right to peace” in international law. We recall that there is no internationally agreed definition of “peace”, nor agreement on who would be the rights-bearers or the duty-bearers of such a right. The declaration on the right to peace is open to interpretation which could be contrary to some provisions of the UN Charter.
The EU would like to reiterate its strong commitment to human rights, democracy and the rule of law, as well as to international peace and security. However, the absence of peace cannot justify failure to respect human rights.
We regret that, despite the efforts of all parties, we are not in a position to support this resolution.
Thank you, Mr. President.