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The Constitution of Kenya (2010) has provided the opportunity for resources to be transferred to a new level of government at the grassroots. While devolution has created a new reform space for more responsive, equitable, efficient and accountable local service delivery, converting this into actual transformation at the grassroots will depend on the quality of county institutions charged with this responsibility.
Since devolution entails the simultaneous transfer of power and resources to an entire new level of government, counties face unique challenges that demand innovative solutions. The EU is therefore working with the Government of Kenya to promote transparency and accountability in the management of county public finances. Sound economic and political governance will allow the residents of all counties to reap the benefits that devolution promises to bring to the people.
The EU together with its development partners, has committed to continue supporting Kenya in its infrastructure projects with a focus on energy, transport, water and sanitation and housing. This is in line with Vision 2030 (MTPII) and the government’s Big Four agenda.
The EU is also supporting the country towards the modernisation its energy infrastructure with a special focus on development of renewable, affordable and reliable energy sources. This support is also targeting access to energy in rural areas in Kenya in order to increase the economic and social development of communities, households, and to spur the creation and growth of energy-based and reliant small enterprises.
Through this support and partnership, the Government of Kenya will be able to achieve its aspirations in poverty reduction and accelerated and inclusive economic growth through more sustainable and efficient energy and transport infrastructure.
Employment creation, particularly among youth, is one of the top priorities of the Government of Kenyan. In addition, Vision 2030 through the Third Medium Term Plan (MTP III), highlights the need for institutional and economic reforms to accelerate growth for job creation, notably in the informal sector. The government is committed to create more new jobs annually to address the pressing problem of youth unemployment.
It is in line with these efforts that the EU will seek to promote growth and employment through identification of opportunities in sectors with great employment potential, such as agriculture and agri-business; sustainable housing; sustainable infrastructure; and the manufacturing sector.
These sectors are the backbone of the government’s Big Four agenda and contribute directly to the Vision 2030 goals of creating social-economic transformation, increasing job creation and improving quality of life for all Kenyans.
By aligning it support to these efforts, the EU’s work within the counties is seeking to improve the social and economic opportunities for youth in all counties.
Agriculture is the bedrock of Kenya’s economy and contributes to a large percentage of Kenya’s GDP. It is also the source of livelihood for a majority of Kenya’s population.
The EU in partnership with the government of Kenya are working towards more climate-resilient agricultural production and enhanced adaptation to climate change while following a low-carbon development pathway in light of the fact that Kenya’s agriculture is mostly rain-fed.
Specific EU investments will go towards improved food security at national and county level. This will be with the view to achieve sustainable drought management; increased food security and nutrition; livelihood diversification and value chains; and research and adoption of climate-smart agriculture.
The EU provides funding for a broad range of projects and programmes covering areas such as: regional & urban development; employment & social inclusion; agriculture & rural development; maritime & fisheries policies; research & innovation; humanitarian aid.
Funding is managed according to strict rules to ensure there is tight control over how funds are used and that the money is spent in a transparent, accountable manner.
In Kenya over 80% of the EU budget is managed in partnership with national and regional authorities through a system of “joint management”, largely through the European Development Fund implemented through the EU-GoK Country Strategy Paper.
Other funds are managed directly by the EU. These are provided in the form of:
Young people may access two main types of funding:
REGIONAL MOMBASA PORT ROAD ACCESS PROJECT
Dualling of 30.4 km of the Nairobi-Mombasa road, at Mombasa entrance (Kwa Jomvu to Mariakani section) - €20M
Blending project with KfW and EIB, Infrastructure Trust Fund contribution - €20M
Counties: Mombasa, Kwale, Kilifi
Implementing Partner: KfW and EIB
CONTRIBUTION TO AFRICAN INVESTMENT FACILITY TO SUPPORT THE KENYA ENERGY & TRANSPORT SECTORS - €20M
Investment Support and Technical Assistance for the Port of Mombasa Berths Upgrade and Rehabilitation
Implementing partner: European Investment Bank
PROGRAMME FOR LEGAL EMPOWERMENT AND AID DELIVERY (PLEAD) - €34.15M
Promoting Access to Justice for Poor and Marginalised Communities Through Legal Aid and Assistance - €8.75M
This is a contribution to the UNDP-led Amkeni Wakenya basket fund to provide legal aid in focal counties.
Counties: Wajir, Mandera, Lamu, Tana River, Garissa, Marsabit, Isiolo, Kisumu, Nairobi, Mombasa, Uasin Gishu, Nakuru
Implementing Partner: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
CONFLICT PREVENTION, PEACE, AND ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES FOR YOUTH IN KENYA - €14M
This action contributes to increased stability in marginalised areas of the North East bordering with Somalia, the Coast and other parts of Kenya
Implementing Partners & Counties:
KRCS: Garissa, Mandera, Wajir, Kwale, Kilifi, Lamu, Tana River and Mombasa
GIZ: Kwale, Kilifi, Lamu, Tana River and Taita Taveta (ongoing discussion about expanding to Mandera and Mombasa)
RUSI: Mandera, Wajir, Garissa, Isiolo, Kilifi, Lamu, Mombasa, Kwale and Nairobi
GoK Lead: Office of the President
SPOTLIGHTS ON WOMEN ASPIRANT LEADERS AT COUNTY LEVEL - €0.43M
Counties: West Pokot, Mombasa, Trans Nzoia, Nyandarua, Kajiado, Kisumu, Narok and Nandi
Implementing Partner: Media Focus on Africa Foundation Limited
STRENGTHENING THE CAPACITIES OF STATE AND NON-STATE ACTORS FOR EFFECTIVE DEVOLVED GOVERNANCE - €0.5M
Counties: Kilifi, Mombasa, Tana River, Machakos, Makueni, Kitui, Nakuru, Baringo, West Pokot, Elgeyo Marakwet
Implementing Partner: KONRAD-ADENAUER-STIFTUNG EV
TOWARDS ACCOUNTABILITY THROUGH KENYANS EMPOWERMENT IN PARTICIPATION AND ACTIVE REQUEST FOR TRANSPARENCY (TAKE PART) - €0.5M
Counties: Kajiado, Taita Taveta, Mombasa and Kilifi
Implementing Partner: COMITATO INTERNAZIONALE PER LO SVILUPPO DEI POPOLI ASSOCIAZIONE
IMPROVING MATERNAL AND YOUNG CHILD NUTRITION FOR UNDER FIVES AND WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE INCLUDING ADOLESCENT GIRLS AND WOMEN BEFORE PREGNANCY IN MOMBASA COUNTY (PWANI LISHE BORA CONSORTIUM) - €0.72M
Implementing Partner: Kenya Aids NGO’s Consortium
ENHANCING THE QUALITY AND UPTAKE OF REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH (RH) AND MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH (MCH) SERVICES IN THE MACHAFUKONI SLUM IN MOMBASA - €0.8M
Implementing Partner: Women and Health Alliance International (WAHA)
CROSS-REGIONAL WILDLIFE PROGRAMME - €17M
Location: Angola, Botswana, Congo (Democratic Republic of the), Kenya (Nairobi and Mombasa), Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Implementing Partner: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)