The Constitution of Kenya (2010) has provided the opportunity for resources to be transferred to a new level of government at the grassroots. While devolution has created a new reform space for more responsive, equitable, efficient and accountable local service delivery, converting this into actual transformation at the grassroots will depend on the quality of county institutions charged with this responsibility.
Since devolution entails the simultaneous transfer of power and resources to an entire new level of government, counties face unique challenges that demand innovative solutions. The EU is therefore working with the Government of Kenya to promote transparency and accountability in the management of county public finances. Sound economic and political governance will allow the residents of all counties to reap the benefits that devolution promises to bring to the people.
The EU together with its development partners, has committed to continue supporting Kenya in its infrastructure projects with a focus on energy, transport, water and sanitation and housing. This is in line with Vision 2030 (MTPII) and the government’s Big Four agenda.
The EU is also supporting the country towards the modernisation its energy infrastructure with a special focus on development of renewable, affordable and reliable energy sources. This support is also targeting access to energy in rural areas in Kenya in order to increase the economic and social development of communities, households, and to spur the creation and growth of energy-based and reliant small enterprises.
Through this support and partnership, the Government of Kenya will be able to achieve its aspirations in poverty reduction and accelerated and inclusive economic growth through more sustainable and efficient energy and transport infrastructure.
Employment creation, particularly among youth, is one of the top priorities of the Government of Kenyan. In addition, Vision 2030 through the Third Medium Term Plan (MTP III), highlights the need for institutional and economic reforms to accelerate growth for job creation, notably in the informal sector. The government is committed to create more new jobs annually to address the pressing problem of youth unemployment.
It is in line with these efforts that the EU will seek to promote growth and employment through identification of opportunities in sectors with great employment potential, such as agriculture and agri-business; sustainable housing; sustainable infrastructure; and the manufacturing sector.
These sectors are the backbone of the government’s Big Four agenda and contribute directly to the Vision 2030 goals of creating social-economic transformation, increasing job creation and improving quality of life for all Kenyans.
By aligning it support to these efforts, the EU’s work within the counties is seeking to improve the social and economic opportunities for youth in all counties.
Agriculture is the bedrock of Kenya’s economy and contributes to a large percentage of Kenya’s GDP. It is also the source of livelihood for a majority of Kenya’s population.
The EU in partnership with the government of Kenya are working towards more climate-resilient agricultural production and enhanced adaptation to climate change while following a low-carbon development pathway in light of the fact that Kenya’s agriculture is mostly rain-fed.
Specific EU investments will go towards improved food security at national and county level. This will be with the view to achieve sustainable drought management; increased food security and nutrition; livelihood diversification and value chains; and research and adoption of climate-smart agriculture.
The EU provides funding for a broad range of projects and programmes covering areas such as: regional & urban development; employment & social inclusion; agriculture & rural development; maritime & fisheries policies; research & innovation; humanitarian aid.
Funding is managed according to strict rules to ensure there is tight control over how funds are used and that the money is spent in a transparent, accountable manner.
In Kenya over 80% of the EU budget is managed in partnership with national and regional authorities through a system of “joint management”, largely through the European Development Fund implemented through the EU-GoK Country Strategy Paper.
Other funds are managed directly by the EU. These are provided in the form of:
Young people may access two main types of funding:
ENDING DROUGHT EMERGENCIES PROGRAMME €30M
Grants to support Pillar 5 and 6 for Drought Risk Management, and Institutional Development and Knowledge Management
Implementing Partner: National Drought Management Authority (NDMA)
KENYA RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME - €84M
The general objective of the Kenya Rural Development Programme will be to contribute to improved food security in Kenya. The project purpose is to increase productivity and efficiency of food systems in Kenya.
Programme estimate 4 – ASAL drought management - €4.5M
ASAL Drought Management Arid counties: Baringo, Garissa, Isiolo, Mandera, Marsabit, Samburu, Tana River, Turkana and Wajir. Semi-arid counties: Embu, Kilifi, Kwale, Laikipia, Lamu, Makueni, Meru, Narok, Nyeri, Taita Taveta, Tharaka Nithi, Kitui, Kajiado and West Pokot.
Implementing Partner: National Drought Management Authority (NDMA)
ASAL Drought Contingency Fund Project - €10M
Arid counties: Baringo, Garissa, Isiolo, Mandera, Marsabit, Samburu, Tana River, Turkana and Wajir.
Semi-arid counties: Embu, Kilifi, Kwale, Laikipia, Lamu, Makueni, Meru, Narok, Nyeri, Taita Taveta, Tharaka Nithi, Kitui, Kajiado and West Pokot.
Implementing Partner: National Drought Management Authority
ENDING DROUGHT EMERGENCIES: SUPPORT TO RESILIENT LIVELIHOODS AND DROUGHT RISK MANAGEMENT (AAP 2017) - €37.5M
The overall objective is that communities in ASAL areas of Kenya are more resilient to drought and other effects of climate change, through improved food and nutrition security and sustained livelihoods contributing to enhanced peace and stability.
Component 1: West Pokot, Baringo, Isiolo and Tana River
Implementing Partner: National Drought Management Authority (tbc)
Component 2: 23 ASAL Counties (Baringo, Embu, Garissa, Isiolo, Kajiado, Kilifi, Kitui, Kwale, Laikipia, Lamu, Makueni, Mandera, Marsabit, Meru, Narok, Nyeri, Samburu, Taita Taveta, Tana River, Tharaka Nithi, Turkana, Wajir, West Pokot)
Implementing Partners: Call for proposals
ENHANCEMENT OF LIVELIHOODS IN THE KENYAN COASTAL REGION BY SUPPORTING ORGANIC AND FAIR TRADE CERTIFICATION OF SMALLHOLDERS €1.9M
Components of the project;
To improve the livelihoods of 15,000 small-scale farmers through organic and fair-trade certification for cashew and sesame production.
To increase social, political and economic empowerment of participating communities, especially youth, through a self-help group approach.
Location: Kilifi, Kwale, Lamu
Implementing Partner: Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation
IMPROVING SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES FOR YOUTH IN NORTHERN KENYA €5M
Locations: Lamu, Garissa, Mandera
Implementing Partner: Aga Khan Foundation (United Kingdom)
CONFLICT PREVENTION, PEACE, AND ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES FOR YOUTH IN KENYA €14M
This action contributes to increased stability in marginalised areas of the North East bordering with Somalia, the Coast and other parts of Kenya
Implementing Partners & Counties:
KRCS: Garissa, Mandera, Wajir, Kwale, Kilifi, Lamu, Tana River and Mombasa
GIZ: Kwale, Kilifi, Lamu, Tana River and Taita Taveta (ongoing discussion about expanding to Mandera and Mombasa)
RUSI: Mandera, Wajir, Garissa, Isiolo, Kilifi, Lamu, Mombasa, Kwale and Nairobi
GoK Lead: Office of the President
SHARE KENYA €40M
Water and Sanitation Services for the ASAL Areas €6M
Locations: Wajir, Marsabit, Isiolo, Lamu, Tana River, Garissa
Implementing partner: (DANIDA - WSTF) KONGERIGET DANMARK
PROGRAMME FOR LEGAL EMPOWERMENT AND AID DELIVERY (PLEAD) €34.15M
Promoting Access to Justice for Poor and Marginalised Communities Through Legal Aid and Assistance €8.75M
This is a contribution to the UNDP-led Amkeni Wakenya basket fund to provide legal aid in focal counties.
Counties: Wajir, Mandera, Lamu, Tana River, Garissa, Marsabit, Isiolo, Kisumu, Nairobi, Mombasa, Uasin Gishu, Nakuru
Implementing Partner: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)