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What exactly does the MPCC do?
The MPCC is the static, out-of-area command and control structure at the military strategic level, responsible for the operational planning and conduct of non-executive missions, including the building up, launching, sustaining and recovery of European Union forces. This enables the mission staff in the field to concentrate on the specific activities of their mission, with better support provided from Brussels.
Until the establishment of the MPCC, the EU non-executive military missions had been commanded by Mission Commanders (MCdr) deployed on the ground, thus merging the military strategic, operational and tactical levels of command. This created difficulties in both planning and conduct, sometimes leaving missions deployed in dangerous locations in need of more proactive support from a strategic level headquarters with access to more assets.
Structure and responsibilities of MPCC?
For maximum efficiency as well as cost-effectiveness, the MPCC has been established within the EU Military Staff, which is part of the European External Action Service (EEAS). It works in a coordinated manner with the Civilian Planning and Conduct Capability (CPCC), bringing together civilian and military work.
The Director General of the EU Military Staff (DG EUMS) is double hatted as the Director of the MPCC and in that capacity has assumed operational command of all non-executive military Missions, exercising command and control over the current three training Missions and other possible future non-executive military Missions. He also exercises the responsibilities related to deployment and recovery of the missions as well as overall budgeting, auditing and reporting. The Mission Force Commanders of the three repective EUTMs act under the command of the Director of the MPCC and remain responsible for exercising military command authority on the ground.
The MPCC works closely with its existing civilian counterpart, the CPCC, through a Joint Support Coordination Cell (JSCC), in order to ensure maximum coordination of civilian and military synergies and sharing of expertise. This Cell brings together civilian and military expertise at the strategic level in key mission support areas, further strengthening civilian-military coordination and cooperation in the operational planning and conduct of CSDP missions, as well as ensuring coherence on the ground.
The MPCC reports to the Political and Security Committee (PSC), and informs the EU Military Committee (EUMC).
All appointments in the MPCC have not yet been filled but the MPCC also benefits from the support of other departments of the EUMS. The three mission headquarters currently deployed provide a mission support team to liaise and coordinate with the MPCC.
The establishment of the MPCC and the JSCC is to be reviewed by the Council by the end of 2018, based on a report by the High Representative/Vice President Federica Mogherini.
For more info on three EU Training Missions please see:
EUTM Somalia was launched in 2010 and ever since it has contributed to strengthening the Transitional Federal Government and the institutions of Somalia.
EUTM Mali was launched in 2013 to support the rebuilding of the Malian armed forces and to meet their operational needs.
EUTM RCA was launched in 2016 and it supports the Central African Republic government in the implementation of security sector reform in the country.
As of 05/05/2018