Since the beginning of the crisis in 2011, the EU has been providing significant support to the Libyan people. Immediately after the crisis, the first EU-Libya National Indicative Programme (NIP) 2011-2013 was signed with the transition government. Following suspension of projects in 2014 due to the rapidly deteriorating security situation, EU assistance was subsequently reoriented to address the most pressing needs of the Libyan population. From 2017 onwards, the EU has been providing bilateral assistance to Libya from the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) through annual special measures.
The EU currently has a package of around €360 million in support to Libya and more than 43 projects ongoing across a wide range of sectors.
In particular, EU assistance seeks to:
EU support is financed by the EU's various financing instruments - in particular:
Through the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa the EU is actively working to provide protection, assistance and alternatives to migrants, refugees and internally displaced people in Libya. Help is being provided for migrants at disembarkation points, inside and outside detention centres or in host communities by IOM and UNHCR. Help provided includes for example medical assistance, or the distribution of basic items and hygiene kits. Support is also aimed at stabilisation of host communities, through socio-economic development at municipal level and to better integrate migrants, internally displaced people (IDPs) and returnees. All projects are implemented by international partners on the ground, such as the UN agencies or by EU Member States.
ENI financing contributes to the capacity building of Libyan institutions at national and local levels, to the development of the Libyan health sector, to supporting Libyan civil society organisations and to the promotion of entrepreneurship and private sector development. In the period from 2014 to 2020, the total allocated amount of ENI financing for Libya amounts to €96.5 million, with an average of €13.8 million per year.
Through the IcSP, the EU finances measures in support of the UN Action Plan for a sustainable solution to the crisis. Support areas include mediation, elections and mine clearance and protection of culture and heritage. In 2019, ongoing IcSP projects implemented in Libya amount to a total of approximately €32.2 million.
In addition, the EU funds activities related to human rights, democratization, women's rights, media and reconciliation through the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR). Further support is provided through ad-hoc projects facilitated by the thematic assistance programmes within the Development Co-operation Instrument (DCI).