Delegation of the European Union to Armenia

General information about EU projects in Kyrgyzstan

12/05/2016 - 11:50
Cooperation

The European Union has decided to focus the development cooperation with the Kyrgyz Republic during the period 2014-2020 in three sectors: Rule of Law, Education and Integrated Rural Development.

Promoting judicial reform, fighting corruption and strengthening the dialogue with civil society are key goals of the Kyrgyz Republic and that is why the EU is supporting work in the sector of Rule of Law.

In the Education sector our main aim is to support the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic in making the education sector work better. The Government has developed a strategy and made some progress in reforming the sector, but in order to progress further, management and the efficiency of the use of public funds need to be addressed.

For Integrated Rural Development , the EU aim to address together with the Government poverty which is most predominant in rural areas. In this sector activities are focused on support for  income generating activities in rural areas, through support to SMEs in the fruit, vegetable and nuts sector and to community-based ecotourism.

The EU has allocated 174 million to cooperation with Kyrgyzstan for all three sectors in the current programme period 2014-2020.

In addition to the above the EU provides support for and manage programmes for the entire Central Asia region. The regional projects cover areas such as border security, trade and tackling the problem of drug use and trafficking. Funds from the regional allocation are also used to finance  projects related to environmental safety in places where uranium was earlier mined.

Last but not least, the EU is supporting important infrastructure projects in Kyrgyzstan through 'blending', where grants come in combination with loans from international development banks. In this way, the EU can make sure that the Kyrgyz government gets access to more funds at a cheaper interest rate for very important projects.

PDF iconBrochure on EU-Kyrgyz development cooperation

Latest projects

 

Resolving the legacy of uranium mining in Central Asia is becoming urgent. Further action is needed to prevent the release of radioactive and toxic waste not only locally but also to protect Transboundary Rivers from pollution. By doing so the Fergana Valley will be protected. This valley in Central Asia is of high significance for the economic development of the region. An overview of the problem could be obtained by watching this video

The EU led programme aiming to solve the problems in seven priority sites in Central Asia has reached a crucial stage. Various steps ahead are taken:

  • The Strategic Master plan for Uranium Legacy sites in Central Asia as developed under the leadership of the IAEA is endorsed by the partner countries and recently published. To be downloaded  (see link below);
  • All the preparatory work for seven identified priority sites under the EU led international program on Environmental Remediation in Central Asia is completed or is about to be completed All information can be found in a fact sheet, a brochure and overview Map (see links below);
  • A draft UN General Assembly resolution to ask for international support under the initiative of the Kyrgyz Republic to solve the issue has been technically prepared and is ready for discussion in New York inside the UN Framework;
  • A side event will be held in New York on 27 September 2018 in the margins of the upcoming UN General Assembly meeting explaining progress and asking for further international support.
  • A number of potential donors are being approached in order to further raise awareness, present the progress made and ask for financial support.

Given these developments, a donors’ conference will be held on 8 November 2018 at the EBRD in London. The bank is in charge of the Environmental Remediation Account (ERA) especially created to finance environmental remediation projects in Central Asia. For more information see: https://www.ebrd.com/news/2017/progress-with-environmental-remediation-of-uranium-legacy-in-central-asia.html 

The aim of the donors’ conference is to overcome the current funding gap of EUR 70 million to support work at seven priority sites in the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

Overall, the EU-led regional environmental remediation program serves various purposes to the benefit of the population of Central Asia. The aims of the programme are:

  • To improve human health;
  • To improve the quality of the environment;
  • To promote economic development in particular to promote local employment;
  • To promote regional cooperation;
  • To maintain peace and stability in the region.

The work will contribute to the implementation of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The aim of the donors’ conference is to overcome the current funding gap of EUR 70 million to support work at seven priority sites in the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

Overall, the EU-led regional environmental remediation program serves various purposes to the benefit of the population of Central Asia. The aims of the programme are:

  • To improve human health;
  • To improve the quality of the environment;
  • To promote economic development in particular to promote local employment;
  • To promote regional cooperation;
  • To maintain peace and stability in the region.

The work will contribute to the implementation of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

In 2013, the UN already recommended financial support from the international community in order to bring solutions to the region.

The detailed remediation plans are based on best practices used for similar sites in the EU and elsewhere. The plans were independently reviewed and approved. The techniques to be used are well known and tested.

Background

The EU efforts are part of an international programme towards environmental remediation in Central Asia. These efforts aim to rehabilitate radioactive and contaminated former uranium production sites. The plans aim to mitigate the environmental and public health risks faced by the people living near these sites but also to reduce the transboundary impact of the pollution.

The EU efforts on environmental remediation in Central Asia are part of the overall EU - Central Asia strategy. A new strategy is under preparation.

Detailed environmental impact assessments and feasibility studies have targeted the following seven priority legacy sites:

 - Min-Kush, Shekaftar and Mailuu-Suu in the Kyrgyz Republic;

 - Degmay and Istoklol in Tajikistan;

-  Charkesar and Yangiabad in Uzbekistan.

The EU also has funded a programme with United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and Organization for Security and Co-operation (OSCE) to raise awareness among both the donor community and the local population on the remediation plans and to increase awareness among stakeholders.

The countries concerned have signed agreements with the EBRD that will lay the foundation for the procurement of the projects based on EBRD rules and procedures. At first instance a Project Management Unit (PMU) is being set up in the Kyrgyz Republic and in Uzbekistan.

For more information, please contact

- Martin Andersen, Senior Program Manager, European Commission, Brussels: martin.andersen@ec.europa.eu

Detailed information and multimedia material can be found under following links:

Brochure on Environmental Remediation in Central Asia in English and Russian

Strategic Master Plan for Environmental Remediation of Nuclear Legacy Sites in Central Asia: https://nucleus.iaea.org/sites/connect/CGULSpublic/Pages/default.aspx

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