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On 14 March 2016, the Council approved the Crisis Management Concept on a possible EU Military Training Mission in the Central African Republic (EUTM RCA), to contribute to the country's defence sector reform. In a letter dated 30 March 2016, the President of the CAR, Faustin-Archange Touadera invited the Union to deploy a EU CSDP military training mission in the CAR (EUTM RCA). Subsequently, on 19 April 2016 the Council formally decided to establish EUTM RCA with a view to launching it in July 2016.
In close coordination and complementarity with the MINUSCA, EUTM RCA will support the CAR Government in the implementation of the Security Sector Reform by assisting the Forces Armées Centrafricaines (FACA). The goal is to support the build-up of a modernised, effective, ethnically balanced and democratically accountable FACA. The Mission shall concentrate its action in the Bangui area.
The new mission follow the EU Military Advisory Mission in the CAR (EUMAM RCA), the mandate of which came to its end on 17 July 2016.
On 30 July 2018, the Council extended the mandate of the EUTM RCA by two years, i.e. until 19 September 2020. The Council also modified the mandate of the mission to enable it to give strategic advice not only to the Ministry of Defense, military staff and the armed forces, but also to the President's cabinet, and to allow it to provide advice on civil-military cooperation, including to the Ministry of the Interior and the Gendarmerie.The mandate enables the support of the CAR authorities in the preparation and implementation of the upcoming Defence and Security Sector Reform (SSR) by assisting the FACA to manage their situation and to build the capacity and quality needed to meet the goal of a future modernised, effective, ethnically balanced and democratically accountable FACA.
In conjunction with MINUSCA, provides advice to the Presidential teams overseeing national security policy and SSR.
To this end, the EUTM RCA contributes to the restructuring of the Defense sector in three domains: strategic advice, operational training and education. Nearing the end of the first two-year mandate, the EUTM RCA has advised, educated and trained more than 3,000 soldiers, men and women of FACA.
The mission provided strategic advice to the political and military authorities, both in the field of the deployment planning and in the development of major documents (National Defense Plan, military procurement law, recruitments plan, others). It also analysed projects to support the deployment of FACA (infrastructure and equipment projects financed by the European Union).
Within the operational training domain, EUTM RCA has trained three deployable infantry battalions (of which the 1st, 2nd and 3rd have already completed their training. EUTM RCA has also completed the validation of three specialised units (special group of republican protection, special forces and intelligence), while providing specific educational courses to 886 officers and non-commissioned officers (NCOs) in subjects such as signals, leadership, tactics, International Humanitarian Law, human rights and prevention of sexual abuse, amongst others.
Finally, EUTM RCA has enabled the reintegration of 232 former rebels into the FACA as part of the National Disarmament, Demobilisation, Reintegration and Repatriation (DDRR) program.