The Sahel is facing a lethal combination of security, humanitarian, and political crises. Since the start of 2019, violent events across Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger have resulted in nearly 10,000 fatalities. Ongoing extremism, climate change, and food insecurity have additionally forced more than 2.5 million people to flee their homes. Local governments are struggling to address the insecurity, and political challenges are mounting. In mid-August, the Malian military ousted President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita after months of protests calling for his resignation.