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Why was the EU created?

The EU was originally created with the aim of ending the frequent and bloody wars between neighbours, which culminated in the Second World War.

The Schuman Declaration, which encouraged the establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community, laid the foundation for the European Union as we know it today. The Decleration proposed the creation of a common market in coal and steel between the European states in order to make war between them unthinkable as coal and steel were necessary ingredients to make war. The aim of the common market with these raw materials was to make the countries economically and politically intertwined so that they would work together as equal partners and within common organisations . This ideal took effect and on April 18, 1951 when Belgium, France, Holland, Italy, Luxembourg, Germany established the European Coal and Steel Community with the Treaty of Paris .

With the signing of the Treaty of Rome on March 25, 1957 the six countries decided to go a step further with the establishment of the European Economic Community ( EEC ) and the creation of a common internal market.

The name "European Union" officially replaced the"European Economic Community" in 1992 with the signing of the Maastricht Treaty.

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