The partnership between the EU and Uganda encompasses political dialogue, trade relations and significant development assistance.
The EU and Uganda hold regular rounds of political dialogue under Article 8 of the Cotonou Agreement, covering: democracy, electoral reform, human rights and civil society; regional peace and security; and economic growth and good governance. During 2014, the EU and Uganda discussed the Anti-Homosexuality Act adopted by Uganda in February 2014, which was annulled by the Ugandan Constitutional Court in August 2014.
Uganda is an important regional actor. The EU provides financial support to Uganda's efforts to strengthen regional peace and stability through its substantial contribution of troops to both the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) and to the AU Regional Task Force against the Lord's Resistance Army.
Uganda and the EU enjoy good trade relations. After trade with the countries of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), which accounts for 46% of Ugandan exports, the EU is the main destination for Ugandan exports; 22% of Ugandan exports are destined for the EU. Some 13% of products imported to Uganda come from the EU. On 20 October 2014, the East African Community, of which Uganda is a member state, initialled an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with the EU, covering issues such as:
Under the EPA, Ugandan exports to the EU will continue to be free from tariffs or quotas.
Under the 11th European Development Fund (EDF), the EU will provide € 578 million of development assistance to Uganda from 2014 to 2020. EU development assistance seeks to support Uganda's long-term development strategy set out in "Uganda Vision 2040" and the National Development Plan. Support will be provided to three sectors, namely:
Uganda also enjoys financial support from other EU budget lines, which provide support for environmental protection and civil society in particular. Uganda participates in the 7th EU Research Framework Programme. In all, the EU is currently implementing 106 projects in Uganda, with a total value of € 1.175 million.