The Republic of Sudan – capital Khartoum - has a population of 35 million. Highly diverse, it has nearly 600 ethnic groups speaking over 400 different languages and dialects.
The civil war until 2005 and the continued conflict after that have considerably hindered development. Most Sudanese live in poverty, those in rural areas largely in subsistence conditions.
Post-conflict support throughout Sudan (North and South)
The immediate priorities for the EU in Sudan are:
- Disbursing aid for recovery and rehabilitation across the war-affected areas, including the South.
- Implementing the governance reforms foreseen in the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), to prevent further conflict and promote democratic transformation.
- Supporting the efforts of the international community to facilitate talks between the parties to the conflict in Darfur and between North and South, including the efforts of Joint UN-AU mediator for Darfur, Djibril Bassolé.
- Maintaining dialogue with the overnments of the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan and all interested parties, including NGOs and civil society, both in and outside Sudan, on issues of mutual concern.
Aid totals (North and South)
development assistance: €650m since 2005, and humanitarian aid: €776m since 2003.
No EDF funding...
Because the Government of has not ratified the Cotonou Agreement, it cannot receive aid under the EU’s current main development instrument, the 10th European Development Fund.
... but EU aid continues
Previous commitments under the 9th EDF remain unaffected by the legal situation and the EU will continue to disburse funding to the ongoing education, health, etc. programmes.
- The EU is also looking at other ways to channel funding to the Sudanese, e.g. through the Instrument for Stability or the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights, to support the implementation of the peace agreement and to foster development.
- In July 2010, the Council of the European Union decided to allocate €150m to the "war-affected population in Sudan", including in the Transitional Areas, the East, and Darfur.
Humanitarian assistance will also continue as necessary.