Sudan

SudanSudan

EU-Sudan relations

The EU's priorities as regards Sudan are to:

  • contribute to efforts to build peace, achieve reconciliation and promote democratic governance within Sudan, especially in the Darfur, Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile regions. This includes in particular EU support to the African Union's High Level Implementation Panel and the Joint UN-African Union Special Representative for Darfur.

 

  • improve relations between Sudan and South Sudan and neighbouring countries. The EU supports efforts by the African Union's High Level Implementation Panel and others to follow up the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement and the 2012 Addis Agreements signed by Sudan and South Sudan and to address outstanding issues.

 

  • maintain dialogue with the Sudanese Government and all interested parties - including NGOs and other stakeholders, both in Sudan and elsewhere - on issues of mutual concern. Since late 2013, it has been the responsibility of the EU Special Representative for the Horn of Africa to coordinate the EU's political response to the situation in Sudan and relations between the country and its neighbours.

 

  • support people in war-torn Darfur and eastern Sudan through development aid focusing on health, education and agriculture/rural development. Sudan has not ratified the revised Cotonou Agreement, so it has no access to national allocations under the 10th or 11th European Development Funds. However, in mid-2010 the Council of the European Union earmarked "Special Funds" from former EDFs (€150 million for Sudan, North and South, for 2011-2013). Some €57 million allocated to Sudan have been disbursed regionally and locally. An additional €36 million of unused funds from the STABEX instrument,disbursed in the same way brings the total assigned for 2011-2013 to €93 million. Sudan also benefits from annual grants under other instruments, especially:

- the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights;
- the Instrument for Stability;
- Development Cooperation Instrument thematic budget lines (e.g. food security, non-state actors).

  • to continue to provide humanitarian aid as necessary. In 2013, the European Commission earmarked €34 million for aid of this kind in Sudan.