Following a referendum in January 2011, The Republic of South Sudan became an independent nation-state on 9 July 2011. The European Union (EU) seeks to establish a regular and comprehensive political dialogue with the Government of South Sudan and proposes to open an EU Delegation in Juba as soon as the necessary conditions are fulfilled.
The EU substantially increased its development assistance to meet South Sudan's needs. In consultation with the government of South Sudan and in coordination with international partners including the UN, the EU is taking forward the joint programming of development assistance in several areas: justice/rule of law, education, health, water management, urban development and the rural economy. The EU also commits to continued cooperation with South Sudan on trade matters, ensuring duty-free and quota-free access to EU markets under 'Everything But Arms', as soon as conditions are met.
In parallel, the EU contributes to effective co-ordination of international support, including through a state building strategy for South Sudan, at the strategic and operational level under the overall leadership of the United Nations.