EU relations with Russia

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  • 30/07/2014
    1 88812 1 _blank EU strengthens sanctions in response to situation in Ukraine EU strengthens sanctions in response to situation in Ukraine

    In response to the tragic loss of lives following the downing of Malaysians Airlines flight MH17 and in view of Russia's continuous actions destabilising the situation in Ukraine the EU decided on a strong package of new restrictive measures. For the first time the new measures taken include targeted economic sanctions as well as an arms embargo and a ban on trade in dual use goods for military end users.

    /top_stories/2014/300714_eu_sanctions_on_russia_en.htm /top_stories/images/300714_eu-russia_flags.jpg
    07/30/2014 17:30:00 07/30/2014 17:30:00 07/30/2014 17:30:00 nulldate 2014073017 090126248c61a59b N 090126248c6209d6 /top_stories/2014/300714_eu_sanctions_on_russia_en.htm 9560 xml Y /top_stories/2014/300714_eu_sanctions_on_russia_en.htm 1 /top_stories/2014/300714_eu_sanctions_on_russia_en.htm /top_stories/2014/300714_eu_sanctions_on_russia_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    EU strengthens sanctions in response to situation in Ukraine
  • 29/07/2014
    EU unites and strengthens sanctions against Russiapdf
  • 22/07/2014
    493 65744 1 _blank Remarks following the EU Foreign Affairs Council Remarks following the EU Foreign Affairs Council /statements/docs/2014/140722_06_en.pdf 07/22/2014 18:55:00 07/22/2014 18:55:00 07/22/2014 18:55:00 nulldate 2014072218 European External Action Service 090126248c589df0 N 090126248c589df0 /statements/docs/2014/140722_06_en.pdf 445706 pdf Y /statements/docs/2014/140722_06_en.pdf 1 /statements/docs/2014/140722_06_en.pdf /statements/docs/2014/140722_06_zz.pdf N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Remarks following the EU Foreign Affairs Council pdf - 436 KB [436 KB]

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Russia is the EU's biggest neighbour and third biggest trading partner, with Russian supplies of oil and gas making up a large percentage of its exports to Europe.

Legal basis for cooperation

The current basis for cooperation is the 1994 Partnership and Co-operation Agreement (PCA).

Negotiations on a new, EU-Russia Agreement were launched at the 2008 Khanty-Mansiysk summit. The new agreement should:

  • provide a more comprehensive framework for EU-Russia relations, reflecting the growth in cooperation since the early 1990s
  • include substantive, legally binding commitments in all areas of the partnership, including political dialogue, freedom, security & justice, economic cooperation, research, education & culture, trade, investment and energy.

Common spaces

Ongoing EU-Russia cooperation covers 4 policy areas – referred to as common spaces:

  • economy & environment
  • freedom, security & justice 
  • external security ­
  • research & education, including cultural aspects.

Partnership for Modernisation

Drawn up following the 2010 Rostov Summit, the Partnership for Modernisation deals with all aspects of moderni­sation – economic, technical (including standards and regulations) rule of law and functioning of the judiciary. The Partnership has become a focal point of mutual cooperation, reinforcing dialogue started under the common spaces. The last progress report 2014 pdf - 427 KB [427 KB] français (fr) русский язык (ru) .

Recent Partnership initiatives include:

  • rule of law projects (setting up an appeal system in the Russian judicial system and anti-corruption activities)
  • civil society development
  • economic and technical modernisation.


Overall, the EU and Russia cooperate on a number of challenges of bilateral and international concern, including climate change, drug and human trafficking, organized crime, counter-terrorism, non-proliferation, the Middle East peace process, and Iran.