EU relations with Russia

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  • 28/02/2015
    Statement of the High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the murder of Boris Nemtsov Statement of the High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the murder of Boris Nemtsov <p> <span>It is with indignation and deep sadness that I have learnt the news about the brutal murder of Boris Nemtsov, the former Deputy Prime Minister of Russian Federation, former Governor of Nizhny Novgorod and one of the leaders of Russia's liberal opposition. He was killed just before a demonstration against the effects of the economic crisis and the conflict in Ukraine which he was organising for 1 March.</span> </p> 02/28/2015 00:00:00 02/28/2015 00:00:00 02/28/2015 00:00:00 02/04/2017 00:00:00 2015022800 090126248e908727 N 090126248e908727 /statements-eeas/2015/150228_01_en.htm 4628 xml Y /statements-eeas/2015/150228_01_en.htm 1 /statements-eeas/2015/150228_01_en.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150228_01_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Statement of the High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the murder of Boris Nemtsov
  • 26/02/2015
    Phone call between HRVP Federica Mogherini and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov Phone call between HRVP Federica Mogherini and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov <p>Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the European Commission, held a phone call today with the Foreign Minister of the Russian Federation, Sergei Lavrov.</p> 02/26/2015 18:36:20 02/26/2015 18:36:20 02/26/2015 18:36:20 02/02/2017 18:36:20 2015022618 090126248e8f7239 N 090126248e8f7239 /statements-eeas/2015/150226_03_en.htm 3992 xml Y /statements-eeas/2015/150226_03_en.htm 1 /statements-eeas/2015/150226_03_en.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150226_03_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Phone call between HRVP Federica Mogherini and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov
  • 26/02/2015
    Statement by the Spokesperson on the detention of Nadiya Savchenko Statement by the Spokesperson on the detention of Nadiya Savchenko 02/26/2015 00:00:00 02/26/2015 00:00:00 02/26/2015 00:00:00 02/02/2017 00:00:00 2015022600 090126248e8af0c0 N 090126248e8af0c0 /statements-eeas/2015/150226_01_en.htm 4166 xml Y /statements-eeas/2015/150226_01_en.htm 2 /statements-eeas/2015/150226_01_en.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150226_01_fr.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150226_01_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Statement by the Spokesperson on the detention of Nadiya Savchenko

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The Russian Federation's role in the Ukraine conflict has seriously affected EU-Russia relations. Consequently, some of the activities outlined below are at a halt and sanctions have been adopted.

Russia is the EU's biggest neighbour and its third biggest trading partner. Supplies of oil and gas make up a large proportion of the country's exports to Europe.

Legal basis for cooperation

The current basis for cooperation is the 1994 Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA).

Negotiations on a new EU-Russia Agreement were launched at the 2008 Khanty-Mansiysk summit. The new agreement should:

  • provide a more comprehensive framework for EU-Russia relations, reflecting increased cooperation since the early 1990s
  • include substantive, legally binding commitments in all areas of the partnership, including political dialogue, freedom, security & justice, economic cooperation, research, education & culture, trade, investment and energy.

Common spaces

Ongoing EU-Russia cooperation covers 4 policy areas – referred to as common spaces:

  • economy & the environment
  • freedom, security & justice 
  • external security ­
  • research & education, including cultural aspects.

Partnership for Modernisation

Established following the 2010 Rostov Summit, the Partnership for Modernisation covers all aspects of moderni­sation – economic, technical (including standards and regulations), the rule of law, and the functioning of the judiciary. It has become a focal point for cooperation, reinforcing dialogue initiated in the context of the common spaces. For details, see the latest progress report .

Recent Partnership initiatives include:

  • rule of law projects (setting up an appeal system within the Russian judicial system; anti-corruption measures)
  • fostering  civil society in Russia
  • economic and technical modernisation.

International cooperation

The EU and Russia have a long record of cooperation on issues of bilateral and international concern including climate change, drug and human trafficking, organized crime, counter-terrorism, non-proliferation, the Middle East peace process, and Iran.

Sanctions

In response to Russia's illegal annexation of Crimea and continuing destabilisation of Ukraine - including aggression by Russian armed forces on Ukrainian soil - the EU has suspended talks on visas and a new EU-Russia agreement. Most EU-Russia cooperation programmes have been suspended.

Targeted measures have been taken against Russia in areas including:

  • access to capital markets,
  • defence
  • dual-use goods
  • sensitive technologies (including those in the energy sector).

The European Investment Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development have suspended the signing of new financing operations in Russia.

A trade and investment ban is now in force for Crimea/Sevastopol, bolstering measures taken to mark the EU's non-recognition of the annexation of Crimea. Furthermore, a number of individuals and bodies in Russia and Ukraine are subject to travel bans, and their assets have been frozen.

Russia has taken retaliatory measures, including a ban on the import of certain foods from the EU and several non-EU countries.

For further details of the impact of the Ukraine conflict on EU-Russia relations, including sanctions, see Russia-Ukraine , EU sanctions.