EU relations with Russia

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  • 17/12/2014
    Statement by the Spokesperson on recent human rights developments in Chechnya Statement by the Spokesperson on recent human rights developments in Chechnya <p>The surge of tensions in Chechnya, in particular relating to the recent terrorist attacks in Grozny, calls for a measured response.</p> 12/17/2014 13:36:01 12/17/2014 13:36:01 12/17/2014 13:36:01 12/05/2015 13:36:01 2014121713 090126248dbe728a N 090126248dbe728a /statements-eeas/2014/141217_02_en.htm 9737 xml Y /statements-eeas/2014/141217_02_en.htm 2 /statements-eeas/2014/141217_02_en.htm /statements-eeas/2014/141217_02_fr.htm /statements-eeas/2014/141217_02_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Statement by the Spokesperson on recent human rights developments in Chechnya
  • 04/12/2014
    High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini meets with Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini meets with Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov <p>High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the Commission, Federica Mogherini, met this morning Russian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Sergei Lavrov, in the margins of the OSCE Ministerial Council in Basel.</p> 12/04/2014 16:56:40 12/04/2014 16:56:40 12/04/2014 16:56:40 12/04/2014 16:56:40 2014120416 090126248d9bc0d8 N 090126248d9bc0d8 /statements-eeas/2014/141204_03_en.htm 9993 xml Y /statements-eeas/2014/141204_03_en.htm 2 /statements-eeas/2014/141204_03_en.htm /statements-eeas/2014/141204_03_fr.htm /statements-eeas/2014/141204_03_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini meets with Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov
  • 24/11/2014
    Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the signature of a “Treaty on Alliance and Strategic Partnership" between the Russian Federation and Georgia's breakaway region of Abkhazia Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the signature of a “Treaty on Alliance and Strategic Partnership" between the Russian Federation and Georgia's breakaway region of Abkhazia <p>The Russian Federation’s signature today of a so-called “Treaty on Alliance and Strategic Partnership” with Georgia's breakaway region of Abkhazia is detrimental to ongoing efforts to stabilise the security situation in the region.</p> <p> </p> 11/24/2014 20:57:55 11/24/2014 20:57:55 11/24/2014 20:57:55 11/12/2015 20:57:55 2014112420 090126248d80d159 N 090126248d80d159 /statements-eeas/2014/141124_01_en.htm 10044 xml Y /statements-eeas/2014/141124_01_en.htm 2 /statements-eeas/2014/141124_01_en.htm /statements-eeas/2014/141124_01_fr.htm /statements-eeas/2014/141124_01_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the signature of a “Treaty on Alliance and Strategic Partnership" between the Russian Federation and Georgia's breakaway region of Abkhazia

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The Russian Federation's role in the Ukraine conflict has seriously affected EU-Russia relations. Consequently, some of the activities outlined below are at a halt and sanctions have been adopted.

Russia is the EU's biggest neighbour and its third biggest trading partner. Supplies of oil and gas make up a large proportion of the country's exports to Europe.

Legal basis for cooperation

The current basis for cooperation is the 1994 Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA).

Negotiations on a new EU-Russia Agreement were launched at the 2008 Khanty-Mansiysk summit. The new agreement should:

  • provide a more comprehensive framework for EU-Russia relations, reflecting increased cooperation since the early 1990s
  • include substantive, legally binding commitments in all areas of the partnership, including political dialogue, freedom, security & justice, economic cooperation, research, education & culture, trade, investment and energy.

Common spaces

Ongoing EU-Russia cooperation covers 4 policy areas – referred to as common spaces:

  • economy & the environment
  • freedom, security & justice 
  • external security ­
  • research & education, including cultural aspects.

Partnership for Modernisation

Established following the 2010 Rostov Summit, the Partnership for Modernisation covers all aspects of moderni­sation – economic, technical (including standards and regulations), the rule of law, and the functioning of the judiciary. It has become a focal point for cooperation, reinforcing dialogue initiated in the context of the common spaces. For details, see the latest progress report .

Recent Partnership initiatives include:

  • rule of law projects (setting up an appeal system within the Russian judicial system; anti-corruption measures)
  • fostering  civil society in Russia
  • economic and technical modernisation.

International cooperation

The EU and Russia have a long record of cooperation on issues of bilateral and international concern including climate change, drug and human trafficking, organized crime, counter-terrorism, non-proliferation, the Middle East peace process, and Iran.

Sanctions

In response to Russia's illegal annexation of Crimea and continuing destabilisation of Ukraine - including aggression by Russian armed forces on Ukrainian soil - the EU has suspended talks on visas and a new EU-Russia agreement. Most EU-Russia cooperation programmes have been suspended.

Targeted measures have been taken against Russia in areas including:

  • access to capital markets,
  • defence
  • dual-use goods
  • sensitive technologies (including those in the energy sector).

The European Investment Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development have suspended the signing of new financing operations in Russia.

A trade and investment ban is now in force for Crimea/Sevastopol, bolstering measures taken to mark the EU's non-recognition of the annexation of Crimea. Furthermore, a number of individuals and bodies in Russia and Ukraine are subject to travel bans, and their assets have been frozen.

Russia has taken retaliatory measures, including a ban on the import of certain foods from the EU and several non-EU countries.

For further details of the impact of the Ukraine conflict on EU-Russia relations, including sanctions, see Russia-Ukraine , EU sanctions.