Disarmament, Non-Proliferation, and Arms Export Control

Nuclear programmes in Iran and North Korea, chemical weapons in Syria and weapons from Libya fuelling instability beyond its borders – these are just a few illustrations of the need to prevent the proliferation and spread of Weapons of Mass destruction (WMD) and illicit flows of conventional arms.

The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons) and their possible acquisition by terrorist groups was identified in the 2003 European Security Strategy as one of the most serious threats to Europeans’ security.

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Key documents