EU-Nigeria relations

EU visibility drive at Lagos International Trade FairEU visibility drive at Lagos International Trade Fair

EU-Nigeria relations

Nigeria is the biggest economy on the African continent and a major EU trade partner, with a particular focus on oil and gas.

EU-Nigeria partnership framework

The basis for political, trade and development cooperation relations between the EU and Nigeria is the 2000 Cotonou Agreement (also known as the ACP-EU Partnership Agreement). It covers  79 developing countries in Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific. It was last revised in 2010.

In 2009, the two parties signed the Nigeria-EU Joint Way Forward, which sets out detailed plans for intensified dialogue and cooperation.

This has led to regular political dialogues spanning a broad range of issues such as human rights, security and migration. The last ministerial meeting was held in May 2013.

EU-Nigeria ministerial meetings

EU development and humanitarian assistance

The priorities for bilateral cooperation are set out in the Country Strategy Paper. The 2009-2013 Country Strategy (executive summary ) is still being implemented. The focal sectors covered are:

  • peace and security;
  • governance and human rights;
  • trade and regional integration.

Between 2009 and 2013, EU aid to Nigeria – most of it from the 10th European Development Fund – totaled about €700m. Some €200m was allocated to the consolidation of peace and stability, tackling poverty and creating job opportunities for young people (ex-militants) in the Niger Delta.

The 2014-2020 Country Strategy Paper was signed by the two parties on 19 June 2014. Some €512 million from the 11th EDF is available for activities in:

  • health, nutrition and resilience; 
  • sustainable energy and access to electricity;
  • rule of law, governance and democracy.

There will also be more of a focus on northern Nigeria to address the poor social conditions.

The EU's humanitarian office – ECHO – is financing food security and nutritional programmes in the North, as well as assisting victims of violence, namely the internally displaced and refugees resulting from the Boko Haram insurgency.

Trade

Nigeria mainly exports oil to the EU and imports mostly machinery, equipment and refined petroleum products. The country is one of 16 negotiating the West African Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with the EU.

Migration and Mobility

A ‘Common Agenda for Migration and Mobility’ (CAMM) between the EU and Nigeria is being prepared. It will pave the way for enhanced collaboration in the fields of migration and development.

Region

Nigeria plays a leading role in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), which has its Headquarters in Abuja.


News and Press ReleasesRSS

  • 20/04/2015
    Council conclusions on the Sahel Regional Action Plan 2015-2020
  • 15/04/2015
    Statement by the Spokesperson on the completed election process in Nigeria Statement by the Spokesperson on the completed election process in Nigeria <p><span style="font-family: 'Verdana','sans-serif'; font-size: 9pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">The elections for Governors and local Assemblies on 11 April brought to an end the Nigerian electoral process.</span></p> 04/15/2015 09:47:49 04/15/2015 09:47:49 04/15/2015 09:47:49 04/03/2016 09:47:49 2015041509 090126248f15410f N 090126248f15410f /statements-eeas/2015/150415_01_en.htm 3906 xml Y /statements-eeas/2015/150415_01_en.htm 1 /statements-eeas/2015/150415_01_en.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150415_01_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Statement by the Spokesperson on the completed election process in Nigeria
  • 15/04/2015
    G7 Foreign Ministers’ Meeting Communiqué, Lübeck, 15 April 2015
  • 14/04/2015
    Statement of the Spokesperson on the abduction of school girls in North-Eastern Nigeria one year ago Statement of the Spokesperson on the abduction of school girls in North-Eastern Nigeria one year ago <p>A year has passed since 287 school girls from Chibok, in north-eastern Nigeria, were abducted by Boko Haram. Though some girls escaped, others have since been taken and more than 300 girls are still missing. </p> 04/14/2015 16:36:24 04/14/2015 16:36:24 04/14/2015 16:36:24 04/02/2016 16:36:24 2015041416 090126248f12e819 N 090126248f12e819 /statements-eeas/2015/150414_03_en.htm 3909 xml Y /statements-eeas/2015/150414_03_en.htm 2 /statements-eeas/2015/150414_03_en.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150414_03_fr.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150414_03_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Statement of the Spokesperson on the abduction of school girls in North-Eastern Nigeria one year ago
  • 31/03/2015
    Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the presidential elections in Nigeria Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the presidential elections in Nigeria <p>On Saturday 28 and Sunday 29 March, the Nigerian people voted in presidential elections, the final results of which have been announced today.</p> <p>Firstly, tribute is due to all those involved in making the election peaceful, transparent and credible – the INEC, the domestic and foreign observers, civil society, the political parties and above all the Nigerian people themselves. They have shown how a democracy can work.</p> 03/31/2015 00:00:00 03/31/2015 00:00:00 03/31/2015 00:00:00 03/07/2017 00:00:00 2015033100 090126248eef4c01 N 090126248eef4c01 /statements-eeas/2015/150331_03_en.htm 5040 xml Y /statements-eeas/2015/150331_03_en.htm 2 /statements-eeas/2015/150331_03_en.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150331_03_fr.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150331_03_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the presidential elections in Nigeria

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