Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the UNGA adoption of the resolution "moratorium on the use of death penalty"
Today's adoption of the resolution "moratorium on the use of death penalty" by the UN General Assembly is a great and encouraging achievement for the abolitionist cause worldwide.
Remarks by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini upon arrival to the European Council
I just came back yesterday night from Kyiv. It will be a good opportunity today to brief the European Council. We will discuss Ukraine, first of all the need to support the reform agenda in Ukraine.
Statement by the HR/VP Federica Mogherini on the occasion of the International Migrants Day
This day is a strong reminder of the responsibility we carry towards This day is a strong reminder of the responsibility we carry towards those who chose to face the challenges of up-rooting – often in the face of conflict and poverty – and struggling...
Statement by the Spokesperson on the abduction of women and children, and killing of at least 32 in Gumsuri village in Borno state, North eastern Nigeria
The almost daily deadly attacks on innocent villagers in north eastern Nigeria are unacceptable. At least 32 people have been killed and more than 185 kidnapped including women and children in the latest brutal assault.
Statement by the Spokesperson on the announcement by the FARC of a unilateral ceasefire for an undefined period
The announcement by the FARC yesterday of an indefinite unilateral ceasefire is a welcome development.
Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini following her meeting with Deputy Prime Minister of Kosovo, Hashim Thaçi
I was pleased to meet today Kosovo's First Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Hashim Thaçi for the first time in my new capacity.
Statement by Commissioner Avramopoulos (replacing High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini) at the European Parliament debate on the US Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Study of the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Programme
Check against delivery] The Commission, which I represent here today for this matter is, like you, appalled by the findings of the US Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Study of the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Programme, part of which was...
Statement of the High Representative and Vice President Federica Mogherini on US-Cuba relations
Today another Wall has started to fall. President Obama's announcement of important US policy measures towards Cuba heralds a long awaited change in the fraught relations between the Caribbean island nation and its North American neighbour, for which...
Statement by the Spokesperson on recent human rights developments in Chechnya
The surge of tensions in Chechnya, in particular relating to the recent terrorist attacks in Grozny, calls for a measured response.
Statement by the Spokesperson on the judgement of the General Court of the EU on Hamas
We respect the General Court of the European Union's judgement delivered today annulling measures against Hamas, namely the designation of Hamas as a terrorist organisation and the freezing of Hamas' funds.
Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the latest developments in the case of two Italian military personnel in India
The decision to deny the plea of Massimiliano Latorre for an extension of his stay in Italy for medical treatment and to refuse Salvatore Girone permission to spend the Christmas period at home is disappointing, as a long awaited mutually agreed solution...
Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the attack on a school in Peshawar, Pakistan
The attack today on a military school in Peshawar leaves all of us in shock. When innocents are killed, when children are targeted in their place of study, it is an attack not only on universally recognised values and rights but also on the future of...
The EU engagement in the Central African Republic
The challenges facing the Central African Republic (CAR) are so complex and interlinked that only a comprehensive approach focused on security, humanitarian aid, stabilisation and development cooperation will help make a difference. This is the approach...
The EU and South Sudan
The events of 15 December 2013 and beyond, which pushed South Sudan into armed conflict only two and a half years after independence, have drastically changed the prospects for the world’s newest country.
Remarks by High Representative on the Foreign Affairs Council on 15 December 2014
The main issue of today's Foreign Affairs Council was Syria. We started by preparing our discussion yesterday with an extremely good meeting with the UN Special Envoy Staffan de Mistura.
Statement by the Spokesperson on the second anniversary of the unexplained disappearance of Sombath Somphone
Today is the second anniversary of the unexplained disappearance of Sombath Somphone in Vientiane, Laos.
The International Envoys for the Great Lakes Region call for Rapid Implementation of the Nairobi Declarations
Nairobi, 12 December 2014 – One year ago, the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the M23 rebel group signed two Declarations in Nairobi, Kenya, which concluded a year-long peace process held in Kampala under the auspices of President...
FACT SHEET - The European Union and Syria
The European Union has responded decisively to the violent repression of anti-government protests in Syria, which began in March 2011.
Remarks by High Representative Federica Mogherini following the Foreign Affairs Council in format of Development - 12 December 2014
This was the first time for me to chair the FAC council in the format of Development Council. It is one of the areas where the EU is a key player with the Member States.
Joint statement on the police raids and arrests of media representatives in Turkey
Federica Mogherini, High Representative for Foreign affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the Commission, and Johannes Hahn, Commissioner for European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations, issued the following statement today:
Statement by the Spokesperson on Myanmar's accession to the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention
The EU welcomes Myanmar as 171 st State Party to the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention.
Joint press release on EU-Armenia Human Rights Dialogue, 11 December 2014, Brussels
On 11 December 2014, the European Union and Armenia held the sixth round of human rights dialogue in Brussels.
High Representative/Vice President Mogherini meets with Minister Besimi of the former Yougoslav Republic of Macedonia
High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini met Deputy Prime Minister of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Fatmir Besimi, today for the first time.
David Schwendiman nominated as new Lead Prosecutor for the Special Investigative Task Force (SITF)
David Schwendiman from the United States has been nominated as the new Lead Prosecutor for the Special Investigative Task Force (SITF). The SITF was established by the European Union in 2011 as an independent criminal investigation into the serious allegations...
Statement of the High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the award of the Nobel Peace Prize to Malala Yousafzai and Kailash Satyarthi
Today, on the anniversary of the Universal declaration on Human Rights, Malala Yousafzai from Pakistan and Kailash Satyarthi from India have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for promoting children's rights.
Statement by High Representative Federica Mogherini on the death of Palestinian Minister Abu Ein
I would like to express my condolences to the family of Minister Ziad Abu Ein, to the Palestinian Authority and to the Palestinian people following Minister Abu Ein's death today in the Palestinian village of Turmusaya.
33rd EU-China Dialogue on Human Rights
On 8-9 December 2014, the European Union and the People's Republic of China held the 33rd round of the EU-China Dialogue on Human Rights in Brussels.
HR/VP Federica Mogherini visits Lebanon
High Representative/Vice-President of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Federica Mogherini, will travel today to Lebanon where she will meet with Lebanese Prime Minister Tamam Salam and Minister of Foreign Affairs Gebran Bassil.
Statement by the Spokesperson on the arrest of Azerbaijani journalist Khadija Ismayilova
The arrest of investigative journalist Ms Khadija Ismayilova by the Azerbaijan authorities last Friday, and her commitment to pre-trial detention on a charge of 'incitement to suicide', is a step against the freedom of expression, key to any democratic society.
The European Union will provide up to EUR 60 million in grants to Laos in 2014-2015
The European Union (EU) has announced it has allocated up to EUR 60 million (KIP 60 billion, USD 75 million) to Laos under its bilateral cooperation programme over the period 2014-2015 to improve basic education and food and nutrition security and strengthen...
The European Union will provide EUR 688 million in grants to Myanmar from 2014-2020
The European Union (EU) has announced it has allocated EUR 688 million (USD 900 million) to Myanmar under its bilateral cooperation programme over the period 2014-2020 to reinforce its support to the country's multiple transition. The funds will help...
Statement of the Spokesperson on the murders of Luke Somers and Pierre Korkie in Yemen
The murder of US photojournalist Luke Somers and South African teacher Pierre Korkie earlier today during a rescue operation is yet another terrible example of senseless terrorist violence.
Joint press conference following EU-China Human Rights Dialogue
The 33rd EU-China Dialogue on Human Rights will be held on Monday, 8 December 2014 at the Headquarters of the European External Action Service (EEAS) in Brussels.
1st EU-US Cyber Dialogue
On the occasion of the inaugural meeting of the EU-US Cyber Dialogue on 5 December 2014, EU and US representatives met in Brussels to discuss several foreign policy-related cyber issues
High Representative Federica Mogherini appoints Catherine Ashton as her Special Advisor for Iran talks
The High Representative of the European Union for the Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, and Vice President of the Commission, Federica Mogherini, has decided to appoint Catherine Ashton as her Special Advisor for facilitating the nuclear talks with...
Freedom of Expression online and offline: 16th EU-NGO Human Rights Forum
The 16th EU-NGO Human Rights Forum took place in Brussels on 4 and 5 December, bringing together hundreds of civil society organisations from across the globe, representatives from international and regional human rights mechanisms and from the EU institutions...
Remarks by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini at the end of the visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina, together with Commissioner Johannes Hahn
Thank you very much. It is a pleasure to be here together with Commissioner Hahn. We came to Sarajevo for our first joint visit – not the last one, the next joint visit is in a couple of days. So, this is telling you something about the new way in which...
Visit to Turkey: EU to step up engagement
The visit to Turkey next week, together with Commissioners Hahn and Stylianides is a strong indication of the strategic importance of the EU-Turkey relationship and our desire to step up engagement in view of shared interests and common challenges" said...
High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini meets with Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov
High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the Commission, Federica Mogherini, met this morning Russian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Sergei Lavrov, in the margins of the OSCE Ministerial Council in Basel.
Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini at the OSCE Ministerial Council in Basel, 4 December 2014
While the crisis in and around Ukraine pushes the OSCE to its limits, it has also highlighted the OSCE's relevance and strengths as an organisation
EU supports Bosnia and Herzegovina's integration path
On Friday 5 December, Federica Mogherini, High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the European Commission and Johannes Hahn, Commissioner for European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations will visit...
Remarks by High Representative-Vice-President Federica Mogherini following the working lunch with US Secretary of State John Kerry
John, thank you for your visit here. We had a first bilateral in my new capacity, and I’m particularly happy this takes place in Brussels, so thank you for visiting and thank you for having a bilateral meeting here. I’m looking forward to come and visit...
The HR/VP Mogherini meets the Iraqi PM Al Abadi
The High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, and Vice President of the Commission, Federica Mogherini, met this morning the Iraqi Prime Minister, Haidar al Abadi, accompanied by the Iraqi minister for Foreign...
Joint Statement on Libya
The Ministers of Foreign Affairs of France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom, the US Secretary of State, the High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, and the UN Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs,...
6th EU-US Energy Council
The 6th EU-US Energy Council will be held on Wednesday, 3 December 2014 at the Headquarters of the European External Action Service (EEAS).
Statement by the HRVP on World Aids Day
The fight against HIV/AIDS must remain a top priority for the European Union. 39 million lives in the world have been lost to AIDS since the beginning of the epidemic. Today, we must help more than 35 million people living with AIDS, mostly in developing...
Joint Statement on the parliamentary elections in the Republic of Moldova
The EU welcomes the holding of parliamentary elections in the Republi of Moldova on 30 November. We take note of the OSCE/ODIHR´s statement of preliminary findings and conclusions stating that these elections "were characterized by a wide choice of...
Statement by the Spokesperson on the second round of parliamentary election in Bahrain
The holding of the second round of parliamentary and municipal elections in Bahrain on 29 November is a positive achievement, as is the significant participation of Bahrainis.
Statement by the Spokesperson on the release of Brigadier General Alzate and two other persons detained by the FARC
The release by the FARC of Brigadier General Alzate and of two other detainees is a welcome development and should allow for the early resumption of the negotiations between the Government of Colombia and the FARC in Havana.
The Team of Special Envoys to the Great Lakes region of Africa deeply concerned by the recent killings in eastern DRC, calls for decisive action against negative forces
The team of Special Envoys to the Great Lakes region of Africa is outraged and deeply concerned by a spate of civilian massacres that has taken place in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), particularly around the town of Beni, in North Kivu...
Statement by the High Representative/Vice President Federica Mogherini on the attack against the Central Mosque in Kano, Nigeria
The fatal explosion in the Central Mosque in Kano during Friday prayers has caused terrible loss of life. By targeting a Muslim place of worship the terrorists have again shown their complete disrespect for the sacredness of human life, as well as their...
Statement by the spokesperson on the recent massacres in the region of Beni in the Democratic Republic of Congo
The recent massacres in the region of Beni, the toll of which now exceeds one hundred lives, are further evidence of the extremely tense security situation in North Kivu.
Statement by the Spokesperson on the Parliamentary elections in the Solomon Islands
The peaceful conduct of Parliamentary elections on 19 November 2014 in Solomon Islands was an important milestone that confirms the return to stability and progress achieved in the areas of democratisation, good governance and human rights since the...
Déclaration conjointe par la Haute Représentante et Vice-Présidente Federica Mogherini et le Commissaire européen à la politique européenne de voisinage Johannes Hahn sur le premier tour de l'élection présidentielle en Tunisie
Ce dimanche 23 novembre, le peuple tunisien a pu s'exprimer librement sur le choix du Président pour la première fois. Un mois après les élections législatives, le premier tour de l'élection présidentielle marque une nouvelle étape dans la consolidation...
Joint Statement by Catherine Ashton and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif following the talks in Vienna, 24 November 2014
Since we agreed to the Joint Plan of Action one year ago in Geneva, we, together with the Foreign Ministers and Political Directors of the E3+3 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States), have been engaged in intensive...
Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the signature of a “Treaty on Alliance and Strategic Partnership" between the Russian Federation and Georgia's breakaway region of Abkhazia
The Russian Federation’s signature today of a so-called “Treaty on Alliance and Strategic Partnership” with Georgia's breakaway region of Abkhazia is detrimental to ongoing efforts to stabilise the security situation in the region.
Statement by the spokesperson of High Representative/Vice President Federica Mogherini on the killing of 28 civilians in a bus attack in Kenya
The killing of 28 civilians in cold blood by Al Shabab at Mandera in Northern Kenya is a terrorist act which cannot stay unpunished. Perpetrators must be brought to justice.
Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the first round of presidential elections in Tunisia
The presidential elections held peacefully today in Tunisia are a further step in the democratic transition.
Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the UN resolution Moratorium on the use of death penalty
The adoption, in the UNGA 3rd Committee yesterday, of the resolution "Moratorium on the use of death penalty" is a landmark step.
Statement by the Spokesperson on the release of Rosa Tuletaeva, activist in Kazakhstan
The release of Rosa Tuletaeva, labour rights activist in Kazakhstan who was imprisoned following the Zhanaozen events of 2011, is a positive step undertaken by Kazakhstan's authorities.
Statement by the Spokesperson on the latest attack in Nigeria
Deadly attacks on innocent villagers have become daily routine in north eastern Nigeria. It is appalling to see that Azaya Kura in Borno state has been targeted already for the second time this year. In the latest attack at least 45 people were killed...
High Representative/Vice-President Mogherini attends FAC Trade
High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini today – for the first time in her new role and as the first High Representative – attended the Foreign Affairs Council in trade formation in line with her commitment to be fully engaged in the coordination...
Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the negotiations between the E3/EU+3 and Iran on the Iranian nuclear programme
Negotiations between the E3/EU+3 and Iran have now entered a decisive phase in Vienna.
EU institutions host a Ministerial Delegation from Bolivia to boost political dialogue and cooperation
On 18 November HR/VP Mogherini discussed foreign policy issues with H.E. David Choquehuanca Cespedes, the Minister for External Affairs of the Plurinational State of Bolivia.
Statement by High Representative/Vice President Federica Mogherini following her meeting with Deputy Prime Minister of Serbia, Ivica Dačić
I was pleased to meet today Serbia’s First Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Ivica Dačić for the first time in my new capacity. During our discussions we exchanged views on progress in the EU facilitated dialogue and implementation of agreements.
Statement by HRVP Federica Mogherini on this morning's attack in the Har Nof synagogue
The attack in the Har Nof synagogue this morning killing at least 4 people can only harm any step forward towards peace.
Remarks by High Representative Federica Mogherini following the 1st EU-Georgia Association Council
I am delighted to welcome you Prime Minister Garibashvili, together with the new Foreign Minister Beruchashvili and other Georgian government representatives, to Brussels today for the first EU-Georgia Association Council meeting.
Remarks by High Representative Federica Mogherini after today's meeting of the Foreign Affairs Council
I apologise for being late. That was not out of major divisions or discussions but out of real in-depth conversation on all the points that we had on the agenda, with all the ministers concentrating on the two main political issues that we decided to...
Déclaration de la HR/VP Federica Mogherini sur la signature de la charte de la transition et la nomination d'un Président de la transition en Burkina Faso
La signature de la charte de la transition le 16 novembre, et la nomination de Michel Kafando comme Président de la transition, constituent des pas déterminants pour une sortie de crise fondée sur le dialogue et le consensus national.
Joint statement on the murder of US aid worker Peter Kassig
Federica Mogherini, High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the European Commission, and Christos Stylianides, Commisioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, issued the following statement today:
Statement by the Spokesperson on the progress in the framework of the EU-facilitated dialogue
The working group on liaison arrangements met today in Brussels and agreed on the arrangements and specific modalities for official visits exchanged between the two parties.
Press Release: EU-Kazakhstan Human Rights Dialogue
Brussels, 12 November 2014 - The European Union and Kazakhstan held the sixth round of their annual Human Rights Dialogue in Brussels today. The Kazakh delegation was led by Mr Yogan Merkel, First Deputy Prosecutor General, who was accompanied by Mr Vyacheslav...
Statement by the Spokesperson on a helicopter incident in the context of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
Following reports of a cease-fire breach on 12 November 2014 along the Line of Contact, in which a military helicopter is reported to have been shot down, it is essential that all sides show restraint and avoid any actions or statements which could escalate...
Statement by the Spokesperson of High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the visit of the Prime Minister of Albania to Serbia
The visit which Serbian Prime Minister Aleksandar Vučić hosted yesterday and today for Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama represents an important step forward in relations between the two countries.
Structured Dialogue meeting between EU and Government of the Hong Kong - Special Administrative Region explores ways to deepen relations
The eighth annual Structured Dialogue meeting between the European Union (EU) and the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSARG) took place today (November 11) in Brussels. The Structured Dialogue is an effective high-level platform...
Statement by the Spokesperson on the killing of at least 47 children in a secondary school in northeast Nigeria
The latest act of terror perpetrated by a suicide bomber targeting a Government Senior School in Potiskum, Yobe state, killing at least 47 children and leaving over 79 injured is appalling.
Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on latest attacks in Libya
The series of explosions that went off in the city of Sahatta, yesterday where UNSRSG Bernardino Leon was meeting key Libyan interlocutors are heinous acts and can only prevent Libya from reaching a peaceful settlement to the conflict.
Statement by the Spokesperson of the EU High Representative on the latest developments in the Middle East
Today's terrible acts of terror in Israel and the West Bank deserve strong condemnation. We express our deepest condolences to the families and friends of the deceased, and extend sincere wishes to the persons injured for their full and speedy recovery.
Statement by EU High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the appointment of legal expert to review EULEX Kosovo mandate
Today, I have appointed Mr. Jean Paul Jacqué as independent expert to review EULEX Kosovo mandate implementation with a focus on the handling of the corruption allegations.
Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the latest developments in Ukraine
The most recent reports by the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission in Ukraine about convoys in separatist held areas with substantial amounts of heavy weapons, tanks and troops without insignia moving westwards represent a very worrying development. This...
Statement from the High Representative Federica Mogherini on the formation of a new government in Yemen
The announcement of the formation of a new and inclusive government under the leadership of Prime Minister Khaled Bahah is a critical step to make headway in much needed economic and political reforms towards the successful conclusion of the transition.It...
Déclaration du porte-parole sur la mise en œuvre d´une transition civile au Burkina Faso
L´annonce faite depuis Ouagadougou, le 5 Novembre dernier, d'un accord entre toutes les parties prenantes sur les principes de la mise en œuvre d´une transition politique menée par des personnalités civiles et qui permette le rétablissement rapide de...
Remarks by EU High Representative Federica Mogherini ahead of her meeting with Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu
Thank you, Prime Minister. It's a pleasure for me to start from here. It's my first trip outside of the European Union and there's a reason for that: not only friendship that is there between Israel and the European Union, but also the fact that the...
Statement by EU High Representative Federica Mogherini on Libya
Libya needs more than ever a strong, steady and common political initiative. The European Union continues to believe that dialogue, in whatever shape or form, remains crucial and that the solution of the crisis requires a political settlement
Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the new initiative for Bosnia and Herzegovina
We all agree that after the recent elections Bosnia and Herzegovina should not remain in a stalemate. Good work has been done in the past by the EU and its international partners to assist the country in overcoming its challenges. But a new spirit is...
Statement by the Spokesperson on capital punishment in Bangladesh
We are closely following judicial proceedings in Bangladesh. The European Union reiterates its strong and absolute opposition to capital punishment in all cases and under all circumstances.
Statement by High Representative Federica Mogherini on today's terrorist attack in Jerusalem
Today's terrorist attack in East Jerusalem is further painful evidence of the need to undertake serious efforts towards a sustainable peace agreement in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. We express our heartfelt condolences to the victim's family.
Remarks by High Representative Federica Mogherini following her meeting with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg
This is actually, I am just realising, my first conference in this capacity, and I am very happy that it is with Jens, with NATO Secretary General Stoltenberg.
Statement by the Spokesperson on the execution of Aliaksandr Hrunou in Belarus
We strongly condemn the recent execution of Aliaksandr Hrunou, who was sentenced to death by the Supreme Court of Belarus in April 2014. This is the third execution to take place in Belarus this year.
Statement by High Representative Federica Mogherini on the latest Israeli announcement on settlements
The approval of the construction of 500 new housing units in the East Jerusalem neighbourhood of Ramat Shlomo decided by the Israeli Interior Ministry's District Committee for Planning and Construction in Jerusalem risks to jeopardize the on-going efforts...
Meeting between President Santos and HR/VP Federica Mogherini: EU confirms commitment to support Colombia Peace Process
The European Union will continue and is ready to step up the support for the current peace process in Colombia. High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini confirmed it today when she met Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos, her first bilateral...
Statement by the Spokesperson of the High Representative/Vice-President on the terrorist attack in Pakistan
We condemn in the strongest terms the brutal terrorist attack on Sunday evening at the Wagah border station near Lahore in Pakistan.
Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini on the ‘presidential and parliamentary elections’ in Eastern Ukraine
I consider today's 'presidential and parliamentary elections' in Donetsk and Luhansk 'People's Republics' a new obstacle on the path towards peace in Ukraine. The vote is illegal and illegitimate, and the European Union will not recognise it.
Déclaration du porte-parole sur le processus de transition au Burkina Faso
Nous continuons de suivre les événements au Burkina Faso avec préoccupation. Dans un moment crucial pour l'avenir du pays, nous appelons en particulier au sens de la responsabilité de toutes les forces militaires et de sécurité afin qu'elles assurent...