Montenegro is a candidate country for membership to the European Union (EU). The EU recognised the independence of Montenegro in June 2006.
A European partnership between the EU and Montenegro agreed in 2007 identifies areas in which the country needs to introduce reforms or to step up efforts before EU membership is possible. A formal application for membership was submitted in December 2008. A Stabilisation and Association Agreement setting out a framework for cooperation entered into force in May 2010.
Visa requirements for Montenegro citizens visiting the EU were relaxed in December 2009.