Mauritius has become a model for the successful transition from a trade-preference dependent economy to a globally competitive economy. The EU has contributed to this success through tailor-made development concepts.
Mauritius' assets are a stable democratic system with a constitution based on the British parliamentary system; good and effective institutions; high investments and growth (4.5% on average over 2000-2015) which facilitated a fairly balanced economic and social development of the country. Its economy has been diversified relying on textiles, sugar, tourism, financial services, information technologies and fisheries. However, challenges remain such as one of the world's highest rate of population density and the endemic vulnerability of a small island nation.
Mauritius continues to play a constructive role in the fight against piracy and maritime crime. It hosts the office of the Indian Ocean Commission.
The last parliamentary democratic elections were held in December 2014. In June 2015 parliament elected Ameenah Gurib-Fakim as the first female president ever in Mauritius history.
EU-Mauritius political relations are very comprehensive and extend well beyond development cooperation covering many global issues of mutual interests. The EU has been Mauritius' main trading partner for years.
The EU has contributed to the success of the government’s 10-year economic reform program since its beginning in 2006. In addition to funding from the 10th European Development Fund (EDF) of €64 million, 100% of the Sugar Accompanying Measures (AMSP) from the European Commission Budget was channeled through general budget support.
The 11th EDF has classified
Mauritius as a higher middle-income state. Therefore funding has been reduced to € 9.9 million mainly focussing on Tertiary Education including research and innovation.
However financial support from various horizontal and regional EU-funding baskets continues. It remains to be seen how Mauritius will master its role between its former position of a receiver of EU development and the aspired role of a high income country. To meet this challenge Mauritius has embarked on the extension of economic and trade relations in Southern Africa and in the wider region of the Indian Ocean.