EU Relations with Mali

A long-term partnership and post-crisis assistance: While Mali is coming out of a major institutional crisis, the EU is committed to helping the country achieve lasting peace on its territory and to leading the country towards a path of inclusive and sustainable development.

Political & security crisis in Mali (2012- )

Politics – the EU supported the return to constitutional order and the 2013 presidential elections, and also the political resolution of the crisis through dialogue. The return to stability will only be sustainable through successful reform of governance and justice, areas in which the EU is involved with the Malian authorities.

Security – the EU and Member States have supported the fight against terrorist groups in northern Mali, and the efforts made by the African Union and the United Nations to this end through the deployment of MINUSMA. The EU is committed to the reforms and to upskilling the security forces by establishing a training mission for the Malian armed forces and a civil mission to support the internal security forces in Mali. The EU co-mediated the Malian Peace agreement which was signed in June 2015 and remains active in the follow-up process of the agreement, but the region remains highly sensitive to terrorist activities with risks of regional spill-overs.

Development aid – Over EUR 3.285 billion was pledged during the Mali conference in Brussels, with the EU alone pledging EUR 1.28 billion, including direct transfers to the Malian government (budget support). The 11th EDF plans to provide Mali with funding of EUR 615 million covering the 2014-2020 period. An EU Emergency Trust Fund has also been allocated to tackle root causes of migration in Africa, with an amount of up to EUR 1.88 billion dedicated to fund in the short term priority projects.

Humanitarian aid – the European Commission provides substantial humanitarian aid to vulnerable groups in Mali.

Security & development in the Sahel

Due to its geographical position at the heart of the Sahel, Mali is part of the EU Sahel Strategy, thus benefitting from substantial additional support and the action of several cross-border instruments.

Based on the principle that security and socio-economic development can only be achieved together, the EU strategy provides measures in the areas of diplomacy, development (including food security and vocational training), counter-terrorism and counter-radicalisation.

The EU Sahel Strategy provides stability in the Sahel through state building, improved governance and regional coordination.