EU-Libya Relations

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EU activity in Libya since the fall of the Gaddafi regime

EU policy aims at assisting Libya in its efforts to establish a democratic, stable and prosperous State. This involves promoting democratic transition, based on an inclusive constitution, the emergence of strong, transparent and accountable institutions, an alert civil society and a vibrant private sector.

EU engagement with Libya has developed along four main axes:

  • Diplomacy

The EU has engaged with Libyan authorities: at a bilateral level (including appointment of EU Special Envoy for Libya); in international meetings (Paris, London, Rome, Madrid) to discuss government policy and international support to Libya; and through support to UN mission in Libya (UNSMIL).

  • Exploratory talks in view of re-launching negotiations for a comprehensive bilateral Association Agreement
  • Cooperation

In the absence of an Association Agreement with the EU, Libya remains outside most of the structures of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). However, it is eligible for funding under the new European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) and the ENI’s regional programmes, in addition to thematic assistance programmes – for example, on human rights or migration.

The EU’s total programme in Libya now stands at €108 million. It focuses on public administration, security, democratic transition, civil society, health, vocational training and education. This is in addition to the €80.5mdisbursed for humanitarian assistance during the 2011 revolution. More information on EU assistance to Libya can be found here.

  • The CSDP mission EUBAM Libya was established in May 2013 to support the Libyan authorities in improving and developing their capacity to enhance the security of their land, sea and air borders in the short term, and to develop a broader Integrated Border Management (IBM) strategy in the long term.

A deterioration in the security situation in Tripoli since July 2014 has led to the temporary relocation of staff from EUDEL and EUBAM to Tunis and Brussels, until security conditions allow their return.

The EU is actively supporting UNSMIL’s efforts to achieve an immediate ceasefire and resume the political process.

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Towards a new European Neighbourhood Policy: the EU launches a consultation on the future of its relations with neighbouring countries

High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the Commission Federica Mogherini and Commissioner for European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations Johannes Hahn are launching today a consultation on the future of the European Neighbourhood Policy(ENP)