EU relations with Kosovo*

The EU Special Representative (EUSR), who is also Head of the EU Office, offers advice and support to the Government of Kosovo in the political process, provides overall coordination for the EU presence and contributes to the development and consolidation of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in Kosovo.

Since 2008, the EU has maintained a Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo (EULEX). This is the largest civilian mission ever deployed under the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), part of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP).

The EU facilitates dialogue between Belgrade and Pristina, with the aim of

  • promoting cooperation
  • achieving progress on the path to the European Union
  • improving people's lives.

Since October 2012, High Representative Catherine Ashton has been personally involved in facilitating a High-Level Dialogue between Belgrade and Pristina, which resulted in the historic "First agreement of principles governing the normalisation of relations" reached on 19 April 2013. This agreement and its implementation are a breakthrough in relations between both sides and led to concrete changes on the ground.

In October 2012, the European Commission published a Feasibility Study for a Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) between the European Union and Kosovo. Soon after, the two parties started negotiating the agreement.

The European Commission issues an annual Progress Report assessing Kosovo's progress towards the European Union.

* This designation is without prejudice to position on status, and is in line with UN Security Council Resolution 1244/99 and the International Court of Justice Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence

For further information, see:

- Council conclusions


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