The EU and Kenya have a long-standing relationship and have developed close economic, trade and political ties, under the framework of the successive Lomé Conventions, to which Kenya became a signatory in 1975, and the current Cotonou Agreement.
In the EU cooperation with Kenya, under the 11th EDF funding worth 435 M€ has been foreseen for 2014-2020 [4 MB] , focusing on food security and resilience to climate shocks, on sustainable infrastructure and on accountability of public institutions. This cooperation is supporting the implementation of the Constitution from 2010, especially as regards the devolution process, where Kenya's 47 new County governments started operations on 1 July 2013 with significant powers transferred to them, including for health services and road construction and combined with budgetary responsibility and the authority to raise taxes.
Kenya is a key regional partner for the EU. The EU works with Kenya to address regional peace and security issues, such as the conflict in neighbouring Somalia. The EU support to the African Union Mission in Somalia, AMISOM, and the EU's comprehensive approach towards the Horn of Africa provide the framework for this cooperation.
Kenya is the leading economy in the region and has the potential to grow from a low income country to a middle income country. The EU is Kenya's largest trading partner accounting for over 11% of imports and 21% of exports. The EU and the members of the East African Community came to an agreement in October 2014 on the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with the aim to have it signed and ratified by all the parties in 2016.