In recent years, Côte d'Ivoire has experienced an unprecedented political and military crisis, which reached its peak after the presidential election at the end of 2010.
The European Union has been an important political actor throughout the crisis, taking part in the peace talks and contributing to the peace roadmap, in particular to the electoral process. The EU was also the only major donor to maintain its cooperation activities through development and humanitarian programmes designed to, among other objectives, mitigate the impact of the crisis on the population.
During the post-electoral crisis, the EU adopted a firm position supporting the legitimate President and adopted a sanctions regime that proved very effective in helping to defeat the Gbagbo regime.
The country must now consolidate this still-fragile peace by addressing the root causes of the conflict, promoting reconciliation, reforming its defence and security forces, improving governance and fighting corruption. The European Union is firmly committed to supporting Côte d'Ivoire in facing these challenges.
The EU strongly believes that those who have committed serious human rights violations, from both sides, should be brought to justice, and fully supports the action of the International Criminal Court.
In late 2011, the remaining funds (€125 million) from the 10th European Development Fund (EDF, 2008-2013) were committed. The EU is currently supporting good governance, reform of the justice and security system, health, vocational training, trade and regional integration, rural development, road infrastructure and civil society.
A thorough dialogue has begun with the Government and civil society to identify priority areas to support with the 11th EDF (2014-2020).