EU-Iraq relations

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  • 19/01/2015
    Press release following the meeting between the High Representative and Vice President Federica Mogherini and the Secretary General of the League of Arab States (LAS), Dr. Nabil El Araby Press release following the meeting between the High Representative and Vice President Federica Mogherini and the Secretary General of the League of Arab States (LAS), Dr. Nabil El Araby <p>The High Representative and Vice President Federica Mogherini met today with the Secretary General of the League of Arab States (LAS), Dr. Nabil El Araby, in Brussels.</p> 01/19/2015 17:48:23 01/19/2015 17:48:23 01/19/2015 17:48:23 01/07/2016 17:48:23 2015011917 090126248e1618b6 N 090126248e1618b6 /statements-eeas/2015/150119_03_en.htm 11268 xml Y /statements-eeas/2015/150119_03_en.htm 2 /statements-eeas/2015/150119_03_en.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150119_03_fr.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150119_03_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Press release following the meeting between the High Representative and Vice President Federica Mogherini and the Secretary General of the League of Arab States (LAS), Dr. Nabil El Araby
  • 15/01/2015
    Meeting between the High Representative/Vice President Federica Mogherini and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif Meeting between the High Representative/Vice President Federica Mogherini and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif <p>The High Representative and Vice President Federica Mogherini met this evening with Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif in Brussels.</p> 01/15/2015 22:15:54 01/15/2015 22:15:54 01/15/2015 22:15:54 01/03/2016 22:15:54 2015011522 090126248e0a8e5b N 090126248e0a8e5b /statements-eeas/2015/150115_02_en.htm 10906 xml Y /statements-eeas/2015/150115_02_en.htm 2 /statements-eeas/2015/150115_02_en.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150115_02_fr.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150115_02_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Meeting between the High Representative/Vice President Federica Mogherini and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif
  • 22/12/2014
    Remarks of the High Representative and Vice President Federica Mogherini in Baghdad, Iraq Remarks of the High Representative and Vice President Federica Mogherini in Baghdad, Iraq <p>"Thank you very much Minister for the warm welcome we received.</p> <p>I am particularly glad to pay my first visit in Baghdad, although it does not mean that this is the first time we meet.</p> 12/22/2014 21:29:01 12/22/2014 21:29:01 12/22/2014 21:29:01 12/10/2015 21:29:01 2014122221 090126248dd422cf N 090126248dd422cf /statements-eeas/2014/141222_02_en.htm 11872 xml Y /statements-eeas/2014/141222_02_en.htm 1 /statements-eeas/2014/141222_02_en.htm /statements-eeas/2014/141222_02_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Remarks of the High Representative and Vice President Federica Mogherini in Baghdad, Iraq

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The Sumerian Ziggurat at UrThe Sumerian Ziggurat at Ur

The Republic of Iraq is a federal, constitutional parliamentary democracy whose modern-day borders were established in the early 20th century. The new state centred on the historic region of Mesopotamia, the 'land between the rivers' (i.e. the Tigris and the Euphrates). The region is often referred to as the cradle of human civilization.

 

 

Political relations

The EU supports Iraq's transition to democracy and its integration within the region and into the international community. In accordance with their mutual goal of enhancing relations, in May 2012 the EU and Iraq signed a Partnership and Cooperation Agreement, which provides a framework for advancing dialogue and cooperation on subjects including

  • political and social issues
  • human rights
  • the rule of law
  • migration
  • the environment
  • trade
  • culture
  • energy
  • transport
  • security

Experts from both sides meet regularly in technical working groups to discuss cooperation in these fields, while the overall direction of EU-Iraq relations is set out at the annual ministerial meetings. The most recent EU-Iraq ministerial dialogue was held in January 2014.


Bilateral trade relations

There is substantial potential for bilateral trade between Iraq and the EU, and for Iraq to become a strategic energy partner. The EU is already Iraq's second largest trading partner after the USA, with bilateral trade totalling €17.5 bn in 2012. EUexports to Iraq, consisting mainly of machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food and live animals, amounted to €4.7 bn in that year.

Imports were dominated by oil, representing 99.7% of the €12.8 bn total. Iraq's trade surplus with the EU came to €8.1 bn in 2012. The EU sees closer trade ties with the country as an important part of its reconstruction and development.

 

Cooperation on reconstruction and development

The EU has been closely engaged in Iraq’s recovery and reconstruction, contributing over EUR 1 bn – including humanitarian aid - since 2003. The EU's development aid has supported democracy, good governance, human rights, economic growth and poverty reduction by strengthening capacity and institutions in the areas of criminal justice, basic services, elections and civil society organisations.

For 2014-2020, the EU has earmarked €75 million for

  • strengthening human rights and the rule of law
  • improving primary and secondary education
  • providing access to sustainable energy for all.

Additionally, an EU-Iraq Energy Centre will be set up to facilitate the introduction of new technologies and advance policy reform in this strategic sector of Iraq's economy.