EU Relations with Haiti

EU relations and cooperation with Haiti are carried out both on bilateral and regional and basis, the latter within the framework of the on-going EU-CELAC and EU-CARIFORUM dialogues. Haiti is party to the Partnership Agreement between the members of the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States and the European Union and its Member States, the "Cotonou Agreement".

Present EU-Haiti bilateral development cooperation is based on a Country Strategy Paper 2011-2013 , which covers both EU cooperation aid under the 10th European Development Fund as well as EU Member States bilateral cooperation. This strategy is a post-earthquake revision of the Country Strategy 2008-2013. Two specific sectors had been identified for EU intervention: 

  • support to transport infrastructure;
  • Governance and State building.

In addition, the strategy provides support for developing cross border cooperation with the Dominican Republic.

Between 2000 and 2010, the EU provided more than 500 million Euros to Haiti to support the development of the country. Following the devastating earthquake of January 2010, the EU has increased its level of humanitarian and cooperation aid in order to bring humanitarian relief to the victims as well as supporting recovery and reconstruction efforts. At the March 2010 New York international donors' conference, the EU pledged € 522 million of cooperation aid.

Other areas of EU intervention in Haiti, in particular through specific financial instruments and budget lines, include humanitarian aid and civil protection (ECHO), rural development and food security, trade and economic development, education and social sectors, support to civil society and the promotion of human rights and democracy.

At regional level, the Caribbean is pioneer in signing, in October 2008, the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA), between the Caribbean Forum (CARIFORUM countries) and the EU, a framework to help make trade, investment and development assistance easier for all parties, in particular promoting regional integration. Haiti is a signatory of the EPA.

In November 2012 the member states of the EU and the Caribbean adopted the new Joint Caribbean-European Union Partnership Strategy . This Strategy will enhance Caribbean– European Union relations and broaden the engagement by adding a political pillar to the traditionally development and trade cooperation based relationship with the Caribbean region. The strategy focuses on Regional Integration, Haiti Reconstruction, Climate Change and Natural Disasters, Crime and Security, and Joint Action in Multilateral Fora.