Relations between the EU and Georgia started in 1992 just after Georgia regained its sovereignty in the wake of the break-up of the Soviet Union. Bilateral relations have further intensified since the 2003 "rose revolution" which brought to power a new Georgian administration committed to an ambitious programme of political and economic reforms.
EU-Georgia bilateral relations are regulated by the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) which entered into force on 1 July 1999. The ENP Action Plan [103 KB] endorsed by the EU-Georgia Cooperation Council of 14 November 2006 aims at fulfilling the provisions of the PCA and contributing to a closer relationship with Georgia, involving a significant degree of economic integration and deepening the political co-operation. It covers a period of five years.
The main EU co-operation objectives, policy responses and priority fields can be found in the Country Strategy Paper 2007-2013 [444 KB] . On the basis of bilateral priorities, also a National Indicative Programme (NIP) [78 KB] has been adopted in agreement with the Georgian authorities. The NIP covers the period from 2007-2010. For this period an indicative total sum of €120 million has been allocated; in addition to the ENPI national programme, Georgia will also benefit from the ENPI regional and interregional programmes, plus a number of thematic programmes such as the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights - EIDHR. For a description of the programme's priorities see under the links mentioned above.
The EU has provided €6 million in humanitarian aid for people affected by the conflict in Georgia. An international donor's conference for assisting Georgia's economic recovery was held in Brussels on 22 October 2008. A civilian European Union Monitoring Mission in Georgia was deployed on 1 October 2008.