At the invitation of the Government of Afghanistan, the European Union established a mission to observe the presidential and Provincial Council elections there on 20 August 2009.
The 2009 Presidential and Provincial Council elections were the first after the fall of the Taliban in 2001 to be organised by Afghan institutions, albeit with significant international technical assistance and capacity building support.
The EU EOM was led by Philippe Morillon, French Member of the European Parliament.
The observers were deployed throughout the country. They met government and electoral officials, candidates and political parties, civil society representatives and the media.