How is the ENP financed ?

The European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) 2014-2020

For the period 2014-2020, the ENPI will be succeeded by a new European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) .

The new European Neighbourhood Instrument with a budget of €15.4 billion will provide the bulk of funding to the 16 partner countries [1]covered by the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) in line with the principles of differentiation and the incentive based approach[2]. Building on the achievements of the previous European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI), the ENI will support strengthening of relations with Neighbourhood countries and bring tangible benefits to both the EU and its partners.

The Instrument will build on and strengthen some of the key features of the ENPI, notably greater differentiation between countries based on progress with reforms, with two new mechanisms to support an incentive based approach. These are:

  • umbrella programmes of up to 10% of the ENI budget to be allocated to the partner countries based on their progress in deep and sustainable democracy; progress in implementing agreed reform objectives contributing to that goal should also be taken into account. ENP Progress Reports should serve as the key source of reference for the assessment of partner countries.
  • the ability to vary multiannual bilateral allocations within a range of not more than 20%.

Under the ENI, four types of programme are supported:

  • Bilateral programmes for the Neighbourhood countries;
  • Regional programmes for the East and the South;
  • An ENP-wide programme mainly funding Erasmus for All, the Neighbourhood Investment Facility and the Umbrella programmes;
  • Cross-Border Co-operation programmes between Member States and Neighbourhood countries.

ENI programming

Programming is done only for the first years of the Multi-annual Financial Framework period (MFF 2014-2020) to allow adaptation of EU support to evolving situation in each country/region. In the spirit of differentiation, the timeframes of the programming documents differ and take into account the specificity of the country situation and/or programmes concerned.

Allocations are based on the criteria set out in Article 4.1 of the ENI Regulation. In line with the Regulation, indicative allocations are presented in a range of not more than 20%.

The programming priorities have been developed in close cooperation with the national authorities of partner countries concerned, civil society and other relevant stakeholders, and in coordination with EU Member States, with Action plans and other jointly agreed documents as a key point of reference. They were also subject of a Strategic Dialogue on programming with the European Parliament.

In accordance with the aid effectiveness principles, programming documents for bilateral cooperation present in general three priority sectors. Each sector of concentration will encompass sector-related capacity development and institution building activities, including technical cooperation, to support in particular approximation to EU legislation and technical standards. In addition, a horizontal envelope in bilateral programming documents will allow notably for complementary support for capacity development and Civil Society.

Programming documents

Other instruments

In addition to the ENI, Neighbourhood countries will continue to benefit from a range of other EU instruments and programmes. The most important of these are global or thematic programmes under the Development Co-operation Instrument, the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights, the Instrument for Stability and interventions under the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP).

Ongoing and past cooperation

Examples of current programmes and how they have supported ENP objectives are available here.

An archive of older documents related to ENP financial assistance is here.


[1] Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, the Republic of Moldova, Morocco, Palestine*, Syria, Tunisia and Ukraine.

[2]ENI support may also be used for the purpose of enabling the Russian Federation to participate in cross-border cooperation, in regional cooperation with Union participation and in relevant multi-country programmes.

*The designation 'Palestine' shall not be construed as recognition of a State of Palestine and is without prejudice to the individual positions of the EU Member States on this issue.