Energy Diplomacy

The Energy Union Communication ("A Framework Strategy for a Resilient Energy Union with a Forward-Looking Climate Change Policy") of 25 February 2015 and the European Council Conclusions of 19-20 March 2015 recognised the importance of the external dimension of the Energy Union and asked for greater engagement on energy and climate diplomacy.

In particular, Action Point 15 of the Energy Union Communication states:

The EU will use all external policy instruments to ensure that a strong, united EU engages constructively with its partners and speaks with one voice on energy and climate.

  • The Commission, with the HR/VP, and the Member States will revitalise the EU's energy and climate diplomacy.
  • The Commission, with the HR/VP, will develop an active agenda to strengthen EU energy cooperation with third countries, including on renewable energy and energy efficiency.
  • The Commission will make full use of the EU's external trade policy to promote access to energy resources and to foreign markets for European energy technology and services.

On 20 July 2015, the Foreign Affairs Council adopted Council Conclusions on EU Energy Diplomacy, which included an EU Energy Diplomacy Action Plan. The Action Plan has four pillars:

1. Strengthen strategic guidance through high-level engagement.
2. Establish and further develop energy cooperation and dialogues, particularly in support of diversification of sources, suppliers and routes.
3. Support efforts to enhance the global energy architecture and multilateral initiatives.
4. Strengthen common messages and energy diplomacy capacities.

The EEAS works closely with the Commission and the EU Member States to ensure the follow-up of the EU Energy Diplomacy Action Plan.