International cooperation on education and training has four main goals for the EU: support for modernisation in non-EU countries; promotion of common values between different peoples and cultures; advancement of the EU as a centre of excellence; and improvement of EU human resources through mutual learning and exchange of good practice.
Underpinning these objectives are a number of programmes promoting exchanges and cooperation. The most widely known is perhaps Erasmus Mundus, which offers students from around the world the opportunity to study for a Masters degree or Doctorate at an EU university.
Tempus supports the modernisation of higher education bodies and systems in the countries bordering on the EU. The programme funds both partnerships between EU and non-EU institutions – allowing them to learn from best practice – and structural measures.
Through international programmes such as the Bologna Process the EU is also able to increase the mobility of teachers, promote the mutual recognition of qualifications, and share expertise in areas such as benchmarking and lifelong learning.