What happens in the countries in Eastern Europe and the southern Caucasus matters to the EU. As the EU has expanded, these countries have become closer neighbours, and their security, stability and prosperity increasingly affect the EU’s. Closer cooperation between the EU and its eastern European partners – Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine – is very important for the EU's external relations.
Launched in 2009, the Eastern Partnership [832 KB] is a joint initiative between the EU, EU countries and the eastern European partner countries. It enables partner countries interested in moving towards the EU and increasing political, economic and cultural links to do so. It is underpinned by a shared commitment to international law and fundamental values - democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms - and to the market economy, sustainable development and good governance.
The EU has put forward concrete ideas for each partner country. The aim is to improve relations with individual countries.
On 27 June, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine signed Association Agreements, including on Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Areas. These were ratified by the respective countries’ parliaments and the European Parliament. For Georgia and Moldova, they provisionally entered into force on 1 September.