EU Relations with Djibouti

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  • 23/12/2013
    884 53418 1 _blank European Union to lead international counter piracy efforts in 2014 European Union to lead international counter piracy efforts in 2014 /statements/docs/2013/131223_04_en.pdf 12/23/2013 16:09:00 12/23/2013 16:09:00 12/23/2013 16:09:00 nulldate 2013122316 European External Action Service 090126248afd2f63 N 090126248afd2f63 /statements/docs/2013/131223_04_en.pdf 320311 pdf Y /statements/docs/2013/131223_04_en.pdf 2 /statements/docs/2013/131223_04_en.pdf /statements/docs/2013/131223_04_fr.pdf /statements/docs/2013/131223_04_zz.pdf N ID_INTERNAL N N
    European Union to lead international counter piracy efforts in 2014 pdf - 313 KB [313 KB] français (fr)
  • 23/12/2013
    883 53418 1 _blank Factsheet the EU fight against piracy in the Horn of Africa Factsheet the EU fight against piracy in the Horn of Africa /statements/docs/2013/131223_03_en.pdf 12/23/2013 13:55:00 12/23/2013 13:55:00 12/23/2013 13:55:00 nulldate 2013122313 European External Action Service 090126248afcfb84 N 090126248afcfb84 /statements/docs/2013/131223_03_en.pdf 497358 pdf Y /statements/docs/2013/131223_03_en.pdf 2 /statements/docs/2013/131223_03_en.pdf /statements/docs/2013/131223_03_fr.pdf /statements/docs/2013/131223_03_zz.pdf N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Factsheet the EU fight against piracy in the Horn of Africa pdf - 486 KB [486 KB] français (fr)
  • 24/10/2013
    711 53418 1 _blank SPEECH by David O'Sullivan EEAS Chief Operating Officer at the 2nd Joint Africa-EU Civil Society Forum SPEECH by David O'Sullivan EEAS Chief Operating Officer at the 2nd Joint Africa-EU Civil Society Forum /statements/docs/2013/131024_01_en.pdf 10/24/2013 11:28:00 10/24/2013 11:28:00 10/24/2013 11:28:00 nulldate 2013102411 European External Action Service 090126248a951364 N 090126248a951364 /statements/docs/2013/131024_01_en.pdf 416206 pdf Y /statements/docs/2013/131024_01_en.pdf 1 /statements/docs/2013/131024_01_en.pdf /statements/docs/2013/131024_01_zz.pdf N ID_INTERNAL N N
    SPEECH by David O'Sullivan EEAS Chief Operating Officer at the 2nd Joint Africa-EU Civil Society Forum pdf - 407 KB [407 KB]

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DjiboutiDjibouti

The Republic of Djibouti, a small country with an area of 23,000 km², located on the shores of the Red Sea, has been independent since 1977. Its location gives it major strategic importance in the region. Its population, estimated at between 700,000 and 800,000, has a relatively low life expectancy and a very high poverty index.

The country’s political system is characterised by a strong presidential regime. The 1992 Constitution and the peace agreement of 2001, which brought the civil war to an end, recognise fundamental liberties and the basic principles underlying good governance. However, the implementation of administrative decentralisation and an efficient multi-party system is not yet effective. Djibouti suffers from a series of structural handicaps, with low natural resources, an arid climate and the limitations inherent to a small country, but can nevertheless take advantage of its geostrategic position.

Key issues in EU-Djibouti relations

In 2002, a sum of € 34.8 M euros was allocated by the 9th European Development Fund (EDF) to support the efforts by the government to implement economic, structural and sector-specific reforms, intended to reduce poverty. For the 10th EDF, the Community strategy is structured around the water sectors, including sewage treatment, and energy, which is a continuation of previous EDFs. These sectors, where the European Community has been very active since the start of its relations with Djibouti, are crucial for the country’s progress.

Access to drinking water remains an absolute priority for the population, and it is recognised as a prime factor in reducing poverty, as is sewage treatment. Due to the scale of the requirements, sewage treatment is one of the main environmental challenges for the country and its capital, which is home to 70% of the country’s population. Finally, the availability of multiple forms of affordable energy in sufficient quantity is a key factor for economic growth and the fight against poverty. A total of € 40.1 M will be devoted to these three areas. The European decision to concentrate its support in this sector should enable the country to consolidate the achievements of the 9th EDF by creating conditions for sustainable development.