Political framework

Since 1991 when Ukraine gained independence, the European Union and Ukraine have developed an increasingly dynamic relationship. 

In 1998 the European Union and Ukraine took a decisive step in up-grading the relationship by the adoption of a Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA). Initially conceived for a 10-year period, the PCA has been providing the legal framework for EU-Ukraine relations subsequently.

In 2004 the “Orange Revolution” in Ukraine helped to accelerate the rapprochement of Ukraine with the EU and the further enlargement of the European Union on 1 May established a direct border between the EU and Ukraine. Both of these developments created an opportunity for the EU and Ukraine to move towards gradual economic integration and deepening political association. 

Ukraine is currently a priority partner country within the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP)

March 2007 negotiations were launched on the Association Agreement, including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area that would replace the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement.

At the Kyiv EU-Ukraine Summit in December 2011 it was announced that a common understanding on the full text of the Association Agreement was reached and that the way was open for technical completion of the final consolidated version of the Agreement, with a view to its initialling as soon as possible.

In order to prepare and facilitate the implementation of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement, the EU-UA Association Agenda was adopted by the EU-Ukraine Cooperation Council on 23 November 2009, and entered into effect on 24 November 2009.

Since 2009 the EC has published following progress reports on the implementation of the EU-UA Association Agenda in the framework of the ENP Communication:

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