The EU cooperation in Peru
The cooperation relations of the European Union with Peru are of long standing. For over three decades the cooperation from the European Commission (community cooperation) has supplemented the cooperation from its member States.
The cooperation managed by the European Commission has evolved from short-term and emergency actions to joint endeavors aimed to strengthening the principles of democracy, the rule of law, and respect for human rights, in pursuit of equitable relations in the political, social and economic fields.
At the present decade, after the democratic restoration, the cooperation relations aim at the consolidation of the Peruvian State through Bilateral Cooperation connections governed by funding agreements signed by State authorities within the framework of programs based on exhausting identification and diagnosis processes within a comprehensive and sustainable approach. This cooperation operates on focal points defined by multiyear programming, such as the current programming for the period 2007-2013, which prioritizes the following issues as the main focus: support for State modernization and institutional reform; socioeconomic development and regional integration, as defined in the Memorandum of Understanding agreed by the European Commission and the Peruvian State.
Considering that Lima is host of the General Secretariat of the Andean Community, the community cooperation with that organization is also managed by the Delegation of the European Commission to Peru. This Regional Cooperation is aimed at the integration and strengthening of CAN member countries. The current strategy corresponds to the period 2007-20013 and its priorities are the economic and regional integration, the economic and social cohesion, and the fight against illegal drugs.
Another important avenue of cooperation is the Cooperation in Thematic Programs. Thematic programs are supplementary to geographic programs. Therefore, they must create added value and be supplementary and coherent.
In order to reach a more effective cooperation, a new structure/organization of thematic programmes has been provided with a view to simplifying the aid and achieving more and better results, thus producing five new Thematic Programs: investment in citizenry; environment and sustainable management of natural resources (energy, among others); non-state agents and local authorities in development; food security; and migration and asylum.
Finally, another important aspect of community cooperation is the Regional Cooperation with Latin America, formerly called Horizontal Cooperation, which furthers the implementation of exchange initiatives among the countries of the EU and Latin America, in sectors as diverse as science, technology, trade, education, etc.