The European Union – Mexico Political Relations

The 2000 Global Agreement

Bilateral relations between the EU and Mexico are governed by the Economic Partnership, Political Cooperation and Cooperation Agreement (Global Agreement) signed in Brussels on 8 December 1997. The entry in force of the agreement on 1st October 2000 provided the EU and Mexico with a  framework for both deepening and strengthening political dialogue, trade and cooperation.

This Agreement is based on democratic principles and on the respect for human rights, which are an "essential element" that "underpins the domestic and external policies of both Parties". It also institutionalizes a regular political dialogue at the highest level and extends bilateral cooperation that existed in the 1991 Framework Agreement.

The Global Agreement has created a comprehensive free trade area between Mexico and the EU, covering trade in both goods and services. In the years following the entry into force of the Agreement, bilateral trade between the EU and Mexico grew by more than 140 %. As a consequence, Mexico has become one of EU’s most important commercial partners in Latin America, with significant growth potential. The EU is Mexico’s second trading partner after the USA.

The EU and Mexico legal, institutional and operational framework

High-Level Political Dialogue:

In legal terms, the Global Agreement institutionalizes a regular, high-level political dialogue between Mexico and the European Union through a number of fora in which their relations are coordinated, monitored and given political impetus "covering all bilateral and international matters of mutual interest":

  • Summits are held every two in order to raise the political profile of their bilateral relations and to maintain regular contacts at the highest level. 

  • The VII EU- Mexico Summit was held on the 12th June 2015 in Brussels, Belgium. Leaders agreed to take action to update the Global Agreement, which entered into force in the year 2000, to renew political dialogue, cooperation and the economic partnership. They also stressed the importance of reinforcing the Strategic Partnership as well as the convergence in positions in multiple issues of the international agenda, such as:

    • Climate change and environment

    • The post-2015 sustainable development agenda

    • Security and peace-keeping operations

    • The world drug problem and the fight against transnational organised crime

    • Migration

    • Humanitarian aid

    Their talks also focused on:

    • The possibilities of expanding bilateral cooperation in research and development, especially in renewable energy

    • Tools to facilitate mobility and academic cooperation between Mexico and the EU

    Finally, the Leaders agreed on the importance of discussing the issue of Passenger Name Records as a matter of priority.

    The Leaders recalled that 2015 marks 55 years since the beginning of their diplomatic relations. Today, they noted with satisfaction the broad and dynamic agenda that unite them, on the complementarity of their efforts, and on this new stage of deeper relations that will create concrete and tangible benefits for their societies.

Joint statement  pdf - 63 KB [63 KB]

Joint Councils at Ministerial level, which take place every two years, usually within the framework of the EU-Rio Group Ministerial Meeting.

The seventh meeting of the Joint Council between the European Union and Mexico was held in Mexico City on the 09th of February 2012.

Both parties reiterated the importance of the Strategic Partnership and highlighted the advances in the implementation of the Joint Action Plan, particularly with regard to the High Level Dialogues. They also addressed the strengthened cooperation at the multilateral level in order to face challenges of common interest such as the fight against transnational organized crime, Climate Change and environmental protection.

 Joint communique of the VII Joint Council European Union – Mexico.


  • Joint Committees at highlevel officials, which are held once a year.

The XII meeting of the EU-Mexico Joint Committee took place in Mexico City on the 10- 11th June 2013 in the framework of the Global Agreement. The objective of the Committee is to further deepen the political dialogue, to strengthen coordination at multilateral level, to identify new areas of cooperation and to facilitate bilateral trade. Discussions focused on multiple areas of common interest such as social cohesion, human rights, sustainable economy and competitiveness, energy, environment and climate change, science and technology, education and culture, information technology, as well as regional development.

Joint Declaration pdf - 61 KB [61 KB]

Inter-Parliamentary Relations

Additionally, the EU and Mexico have established an inter-parliamentary relationship in the framework of the Joint Parliamentary Committee EU –Mexico which gathers twice a year.

The XVIII meeting of the Joint Parliamentary Committee EU- Mexico took place on 19th-20th February in Mexico City.

On this occasion, both parties supported the idea of deepening the bilateral relationship through the update of the Global Agreement between Mexico and the European Union. They also, highlighted the mutual achievements in areas such as immigration and border enforcement, human rights, organized crime, cooperation, multilateral issues, climate change, international trade, as well as dialogue with Civil Society. Furthermore, both Mexican and European Members of Parliament emphasized their commitment to the Millennium Development Goals.

Both parties agreed on the importance of condemning violent acts and recalled the European Parliament Resolution of October 23rd 2014 that addressed the disappearance of 43 students in Ayotzinapa, and which urges authorities to investigate the crime and punish those responsible leaving no place to impunity.

Both parties agreed to follow developments regarding the upcoming meeting of the High Level Dialogue in Human Rights between the EU and Mexico, scheduled for April 16th 2015.

Lastly, both parties agreed to extend an invitation to their respective political and administrative entities in order to formulate a Memorandum of Institutional Understanding and Cooperation, in order to strengthen mutual commitments in all areas of mutual interest.

The next meeting will be held in Europe, during the second semester of 2015

Civil society

The European External Action Service, in co-ordination with the Mexican Government and with the collaboration of the European Economic and Social Committee, established an EU-Mexico Civil Society Forum in order to promote the participation of civil society in the relations between the two parties. The aim of this forum is to encourage dialogue in order to further enrich the relations between Mexico and the European Union in all three pillars of the global agreement: political dialogue, cooperation and trade.

The Fifth EU-Mexico Civil Society Forum took place on 25-26 October 2012 in Brussels, Belgium. During the working sessions, the three areas of the Global Agreement were analyzed and a variety of topics were discussed.

The Forum also took stock of progress made by the Mexican government and civil society towards the constitution of a civil society joint consultative mechanism in the framework of the Global Agreement between the European Union and Mexico.

The next Forum will take place in Mexico in 2014.

Further information:

Speech by EEAS Director for the Americas at Opening Ceremony

Press release

Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs- Social Participation Office

Background Information

Joint reply from the European Union's and Mexico's Governmental Institutions to European and Mexican civil society organizations that participated in the fourth forum of dialogue which took place on the 25-26th of October, 2010

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