Governance and Capacity Building
Several initiatives have been funded by the European Union in the past five years to support Good Governance and Democracy Consolidation in Union of Comoros.
Under the 10th EDF (2008-2014), EU support has been particularly concentrated on electoral processes and institutional capacity building for (i) external aid planning and coordination, (ii) public finance management, (iii) fight against corruption, as well as (iv) promotion of human rights.
An EDF contribution of EUR 1.25 million has been granted for the organisation of the Union's Presidential elections and the Islands' Governors elections in December 2010. An additional amount of EUR 1 million from Instrument for Stability has also been mobilised to support National Assembly and Islands' Councils elections in 2009.
A capacity building program to the Government, particularly to the National Planning Commission in charge of management and coordination of external aid, has been implemented between 2009 and 2013 for a total amount of EUR 1.9 million. Among visible results achieved under this program are the existing Aid Information Management System – link: http://dad.synisys.com/dadcomoros/ - and the newly rehabilitated offices of the National Planning Commission. Other results are the strengthened capacity of the above mentioned Commission as well as pilot line ministries (Agriculture, Infrastructure and Education) for planning, implementation and follow up of the Country Strategic Plan for Development and Poverty Reduction 2009-2014.
Technical assistance for institutional capacity building for a total indicative amount of EUR 280 000 has also been provided in the areas of public finances, public procurement and fight against corruption. More specifically, the support has focused on, among others, the definition of a National Strategy and Plan of Actions for Prevention and Fight against Corruption adopted by the Government in September 2012 and support to three newly created institutions: the National Anticorruption Commission, the National Authority for Public Procurement and the National Human Rights Commission, which are now as a result better equipped to fulfill their respective mandates.
A EUR 1 million call for proposal for Non State Actors and Local Authorities has also been launched to fund projects in the areas of poverty reduction, good governance and human rights, under the relevant thematic budget line.
Under the previous 9th EDF (2002-2007), the Decentralised Cooperation Program (EUR 10.25 million), mainly benefitted non-State actors (NSAs) and local authorities (LAs). The program was approved in January 2006 and has been completed in June 2012. By acting to support the national decentralisation process, it has initiated long-term projects aimed at reducing poverty by strengthening democracy and increasing the involvement of local actors in the development process.
The final evaluation of the programme undertaken in 2013 highlights that at least 30 NGOs have successfully implemented various programs in the social field (health, education, access to credit, enhancement of literacy of women etc).
The programme has also largely facilitated the organisation of fora and debates on the issue of decentralisation. 440 local authorities' officials and civil servants have been given training on carrying out their duties and 1200 representatives of civil society have received training in project management, good governance and different development issues. In addition, under the impulse of the program, special courses have been set up at University level on the issue of public administration and decentralised management.
Literacy projects for the women of Mbéni