The Role of the EU Delegation
- The EU Delegation ensures the representation of the European Union to the Republic of Mauritius, for the Union of Comoros and for the Republic of Seychelles
- The EU Delegation ensures the follow up of bilateral relations in the areas of political, economic, trade and external assistance cooperation (financial and technical)
- The EU Delegation ensures the follow up of EU policies in all areas
- The EU Delegation promotes and defends the values and interests of the EU
- The EU Delegation contributes to coordination with Member States' Embassies, particularly in the fields of EU competencies, notably trade and external assistance
- The EU Delegation takes part in CFSP demarches as appropriate
- The EU Delegation reports back to Headquarters on all matters of interest for EU policies
- The EU Delegation carries out press and public diplomacy activities in pursuit of the above
- The EU Delegation ensures the multiannual programming of aid and the management of programmes and devolved projects within the framework of the external aid intruments of the EU Budget and the European Development Fund. This includes programmes and projects in Mayotte and regional programmes and projects implemented by the Indian Ocean Commission within the framework of the Eastern and Southern African region.
- The EU Delegation ensures the implementation of the communication "Increasing the impact of EU Development Policy: an Agenda for Change".
- The EU Delegation ensures implementation of the first interim Economic Partnership Agreement in sub-Saharan Africa of which Mauritius and Seychelles are main engines
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The EU Delegation is responsible for maintaining good and effective contacts with the authorities of the host countries as well as the EU Member States, third countries and other partners in Mauritius, Comoros and Seychelles so as to fully inform Headquarters on the political developments in the countries. The EU Delegation is responsible to encourage political dialogue in the countries using all the appropriate instruments including Article 8 political dialogue.
Since 1 December 2009, in conformity with the Lisbon Treaty, the EU Delegation in Mauritius is fully responsible for Common Foreign and Security Policy in Mauritius and carries out all the activities of the EU local Presidency. With regards to Comoros and Seychelles, the EU Delegation in Mauritius closely collaborates with the EU local Presidencies (FR in Comoros; FR and UK in Seychelles rotating on a six month basis). The EU Delegation is not permanently represented in Seychelles. A permanent representation office was officially inaugurated in the Comoros in November 2011.
The EU Delegation is responsible for monitoring the compliance with all the obligations of the Cotonou Agreement and report on possible non compliance in all countries covered under its geographical mandate.
The EU Delegation is responsible for coordinating and preparing, in close collaboration with the EU Member States, the Human Rights reports for all countries covered under its geographical mandate.
The EU Delegation is in charge of a large portfolio of programmes and projects accounting for a global amount of approx. 500 million euros.
The main objectives of the EU development co-operation are to:
- Contribute to poverty reduction through sustainable development
- Contribute to peace and security outside the EU through targeted external assistance activities
- Promote democracy and human rights outside the EU through targeted external assistance activities
- Operational aspects - Deliver aid more quickly - Ensure efficient budget implementation; accelerate contracting; speed-up administrative processes
- Implement coordination and harmonisation measures between donors at an operational level and promote alignment with the partners’ national development strategies
- Improve operational co-ordination on the spot
- Ensure an effective control environment & accountability
The main focus of the EU development co-operation in the various countries is as follows:
Support broad based economic reform programme with a particular focus on the sectors of energy, sugar, education, waste management, environment, sustainable development and empowerment. Support the country in the fight against climate change.
Support Seychelles' economic reform programme, improve capacity with regard to governance. Assist the country in the area of solid waste disposal and in the fight against climate change.
Support economic growth and reduce poverty through higher levels of regional economic integration while taking into consideration the complex linkages between poverty and environment.
Support the implementation of the national poverty reduction strategy with a particular focus on education and infrastructure while strengthening the governance sector through decentralisation, capacity building and stabilisation of the macro-economic situation.
Support to the social and economic development of Mayotte to be achieved in an environmentally sustainable manner and support to the public finance reform programme.
Moreover, the EU Delegation is actively supporting Seychelles and Mauritius in the fight against piracy and increases awareness on human rights and governance issues in all countries covered under its geographical mandate.
A special mention goes to the role of the Delegation in the fisheries sector. The Delegation follows the negotiations and implementation of five fisheries agreements, in collaboration with DG MARE, signed by the EU with Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar, Mozambique and Mauritius. It is responsible for policy dialogue in this fundamental sector for the region with the Indian Ocean Commission, the above mentioned countries and the private sector with emphasis on IUU regulations, inspection missions, fisheries policies and annual programmes. It secures the coherence with the activities implemented under the fisheries protocols, the regional programme financed by DG MARE (Regional Plan of Surveillance) and the fisheries' programmes implemented through EDF resources.