Regionally, the political framework for EU-Kazakhstan relations is provided by the EU and Central Asia: Strategy for a New Partnership , signed by the European Council in June 2007.
The strategy strengthens relations in all areas of cooperation, through the reinforcement of EU-Central Asia political dialogue with regular meetings between EU and Central Asian Foreign Ministers, through the reinforcement of dialogue on human rights, through cooperation in the areas of education, rule of law, energy and transport , environment and water, common threats and challenges (including border management and combating drug trafficking), and trade and economic relations. The strategy is supported through a significant increase in EU assistance. The EU and Central Asian countries have since confirmed their commitment to the strategy, and strategy implementation is well under way.
In June 2012, the European Council and the European Commission published their Joint Progress Report on the implementation of the EU Central Asia Strategy . The Report concluded that overall progress on implementing the Strategy has been encouraging.
Bilaterally, EU-Kazakhstan relations have been governed by Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) [225 KB] . The first PCA was signed in 1995 and came into force in 1999, setting out the areas of cooperation as well as the responsibilities to be fulfilled by both the EU and Kazakhstan. The main task of this co-operation is to harmonise Kazakhstan's legislation with European legislative norms and standards as well as to promote bilateral trade and investments.
The launch of the negotiations for a new enhanced agreement between the EU and Kazakhstan took place on 27 June 2011 in Brussels, which is to be the successor agreement to the PCA of 1999. Since 2011, 8 rounds of negotiations on EPCA between the European Union and Kazakhstan have been held.
On 9 October 2014 the signing ceremony of the Protocol on completion of negotiations on EPCA between the EU and Kazakhstan took place in Brussels in presence of the European Commission President J.M. Barroso and the President of Kazakhstan N.A. Nazarbayev.
The signing ceremony of the Protocol on completion of negotiations on the enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement between the EU and Kazakhstan by Erlan Idrissov, Kazakh Minister of Foreign Affairs, and David O'Sullivan, Chief Operating Officer of the European External Action Service (EEAS) in presence of European Commission President J.M. Barroso and President of Kazakhstan N.A. Nazarbayev in Brussels, 9 October 2014.
On 20 January 2015 the EU-Kazakhstan Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement was initialed in Brussels.Back to Political relations