Since 1999 the legal framework of EU-Kazakhstan bilateral relations has been provided by the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) [225 KB] . The PCA was signed in 1995 and came into force in 1999. Similar to other agreements offered by the EU to former USSR countries, the PCA with Kazakhstan provided a framework for political dialogue; it set the principal common objectives in terms of promotion of trade and investment, sustainable development, economic, social, financial, civil, scientific, technological and cultural cooperation, legal approximation and support for Kazakhstan's efforts to consolidate its democracy, to develop its economy and to complete its transition to a market economy.
In 2009, the EU and Kazakhstan acknowledged the need to negotiate a new enhanced EU-Kazakhstan agreement that would correspond better to the state of the constantly developing relations.
The discussions on the new agreement started in Brussels in March 2009.
There are also two Memorandums of Understanding, establishing the basis for extended cooperation:
- Memorandum of Understanding on Co-operation in the Field of Energy between the European Union and Kazakhstan [249 KB] signed on 4 December, 2006, Brussels.
- Memorandum of Understanding in the Field of Transport Networks Development between the European Commission and Ministry of Transport and Communications of the Republic of Kazakhstan [552 KB] signed on 12 June 2009, Almaty.