EU Financial Cooperation with Jordan
Enhancing EU – Jordan relations is in EU's and Jordan's mutual interest and benefit. Jordan benefits from the European Neighbourhood Policy in particular in the priority areas of economic development, energy, tackling poverty and unemployment, trade, security, empowerment of youth and women, good governance and human rights - areas which Jordan and the EU have agreed to focus on. The EU and Jordan share common values and have common interests, including through promoting of peace, stability and socio-economic development.
Since 2007 the EU's financial assistance to Jordan has mainly been provided under the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI), the main financial mechanism on bilateral and regional basis which, since January 2014, has been replaced by the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI). The first multi-annual strategic framework for the EU cooperation with Jordan was established in the EU-Jordan Country Strategy Paper, covering the period from 2007-2013. Priorities for EU-Jordan cooperation were defined under two "National Indicative Programmes" for the periods 2007-2010 and 2011-2013.
A total of €488 million were initially allocated to the period 2007-2013. In order to support implementation of key political and socio-economic reforms in a challenging macro-economic context, the EU made available an additional amount of €91 million over the period 2012-2013, through the SPRING (Support for Partnership, Reform and Inclusive Growth) – focusing mainly on good governance, economic and inclusive growth – and also decided in 2014 to provide a Macro Financial Assistance package of €180 million.
For the period 2014-2020 the financial allocation under the ENI will vary between €587 million and €693 million depending on the progress made on democratic and socio economic reforms by Jordan. This period was divided in two periods with the first period covering 2014-2017 with a financial assistance that can go up to €382 million. The support for the first period will focus on three focal areas: (i) reinforcing the rule of law for enhanced accountability and equity in public service delivery; (ii) employment and private sector development; and (iii) renewable energies and energy efficiency.
In addition to the programmed bilateral allocations, Jordan is eligible under a wide range of EU thematic instruments such as the Neighbourhood regional programmes, the Partnership Instrument and the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights. Jordan also benefits from external actions under several EU internal programmes, as for example the Erasmus+ programme, which enhances mobility and cooperation with the EU in the field of higher education, and the EU research programme Horizon 2020.
The EU is also supporting Jordan to handle the impact of the Syrian crisis. The EU has provided so far more than €320 million since 2011 in humanitarian, crisis response and development support to this aim.