Political & Legal Framework

The Institutional Framework

Jamaica has been a signatory to the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) – European Union (EU) partnership agreements for over thirty-five years, beginning in 1975 with the first of four Lomé Conventions and continuing with the ACP-EU Partnership Agreement, signed in Cotonou on 23 June 2000 and revised in Luxembourg on 25 June 2005.

The Cotonou Agreement signalled a new era of partnership and political and economic cooperation between the (then) fifteen EU Member States and 77 ACP countries. The Cotonou Agreement promotes sustainable development and poverty reduction, and forms the basis of EU-Jamaica cooperation. 

Also, in line with the Cotonou Agreement, in which the ACP countries and the EU agreed to conclude WTO-compatible trading arrangements, Economic Partnership Agreements (EPA) have been negotiated with ACP regions engaged in a regional economic integration process. As member of the Caricom Community and the CARIFORUM Group of Countries, Jamaica is part of the CARIFORUM - European Union Economic Partnership Agreement that was signed on October 15, 2008. The EPA thereby replaced the trade chapter of the Cotonou Agreement.

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