Overview on EU Assistance

Overview of EU support during the years 2003-2010

EU support to Iraq from 2003 to 2011 amounts to €1,124.5 million. This includes reconstruction support, amounting to €867.2 million, humanitarian assistance, with a total of €195.8 million, and support delivered through the EU JUSTLEX mission of €61.5 million. A detailed table with this support is available at the end. 

The reconstruction part of this assistance up to end of 2010, which is implemented by the Commission, is illustrated in the pie chart and graphic shown below.

In line with the main objective of the Commission aid to Iraq, almost half of the aid has been allocated to the development of basic services and almost one quarter has been used in Human Development sectors. The balance has been attributed to electoral support and institutional capacity building.

 

From 2004 to 2007 the Commission support was mainly channelled through the IRFFI – the International Reconstruction Fund Facility for Iraq, a multilateral mechanism established in 2004. The IRFFI consists of two distinct trust funds, working independently but in a co-ordinated way: the UNDG ITF and the WB ITF.   Latest figures from the end of September 2009 show that total donor deposits stood at US $1 853.53 million. The EC was the largest contributor of the 25 donors to the IRFFI, with an amount of €605m or US $772m (US $592m to the UNDG ITF and $180m to the WB ITF).

Channelling funds through the IRFFI has had considerable advantages in a period where reconstruction work in Iraq was extremely difficult. It has allowed the international community to combine their efforts through a common strategy and action channel. Working through the IRFFI has also enabled the Commission to acquire knowledge which is invaluable for future EU activities in Iraq. The IRFFI is currently in the process of being closed, and the last projects were approved just before the deadline of 30/09/2010 that was set by the donors for project approval. The trust fund will be closed when the last project that it is funding completes its implementation.

From 2008 onwards, the approach of channelling funds via the IRFFI was progressively replaced by bilateral actions, in recognition of the increasing capacity for dialogue and leadership of the Iraqi Government in the administration of the reconstruction efforts.

EU support to Iraq (all figures in € million)

 Reconstruction Support under DCI
TOTAL
Humanitarian Aid support
TOTAL
Support managed by the European Commission
SUB TOTAL
EUJUST
LEX support under CFSP/
ESDP
TOTAL
EU support
TOTAL

2003

42.0

100.0

142.0

-

142.0

2004

176.5

-

176.5

-

176.5

2005

200.0

-

200.0

10.0

210.0

2006

200.0

-

200.0

11.2

211.2

2007

92.7

17.8

110.5

-

110.5

2008

74.1

30.0

104.1

7.2

111.3

2009

42.0

20.0

62.0

10.8

72.8

2010

24.2

18.0

42.2

17.5

59.7

2011

15.7

10.0

25.7

4.8

30.5

TOTAL

867.2

195.8

1063.0

61.5

1,124.5

 

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