The European Union technical and financial cooperation with Egypt
Under the general bilateral framework of the Association Agreement and the Action Plan with the Arab Republic of Egypt, the EU works together with the government, public institutions and civil society to support democratisation and socioeconomic development by funding programmes and projects in many areas such as: Health, Education, Economic Development, Trade, Water, Transport, Science, Research and Innovation, Information Society; Social, Rural and Regional Development; Human Rights, Justice and Good Governance; Energy, Environment and Culture.
The European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument – known as the ENPI – is the main financial mechanism of technical and financial cooperation with Egypt. Its three main priorities are: (i) support to political reform and good governance, (ii) competitiveness and productivity of the economy and (iii) socio-economic sustainability of the development process. The overall budget allocation for bilateral EU assistance to Egypt under the ENPI for 2011-2013 is €449.29 million, and the total allocation to Egypt for 2007- 2013 is over € 1 billion.
Egypt also benefits from multi-country co-operation instruments and programmes like the Cross Border Co-operation Instrument (CBC), Erasmus Mundus II, Tempus IV, the Neighbourhood Investment Facility (NIF), Cooperation in Urban Development and Dialogue (CIUDAD) and a wide range of regional programmes. Technical assistance is provided in a wide range of areas through a mix of instruments including the Support for the Improvement in Governance and Management (SIGMA), the Technical Assistance and Information Exchange (TAIEX) and Twinning.
In addition to providing regional and country-based approaches to development, the EU operates programmes with a specific thematic focus on: Democracy and Human Rights, Environment and Sustainable Management of Natural Resources, Non-State Actors and Local Authorities in Development, Investing in People and Migration and Asylum. The Stability Instrument is also available in Egypt as a strategic tool designed to address a number of global security and development challenges in complement to geographic instruments.