Development cooperation

EU biggest donor to Africa

The EU and its Member States together remain the biggest aid donor to Africa. This is a token of their commitment to furthering the MDGs and other development objectives with their African partners; EUR 20.5 billion was disbursed to the continent in 2009.  Official Development Aid (ODA) to Sub- Saharan Africa grew by EUR 2.7 billion since 2004, meaning that 26% of the total ODA increase in real terms has been allocated to the African continent. Of the European Commission's external aid funds in 2009, some 40 percent went to Africa.

In 2009, Africa also became the biggest recipient of both combined EU trade-related assistance and aid for trade. The 2009 data also point to a strong increase in aid for trade to the African,
Caribbean and Pacific States, at EUR3.6 billion.

EU financing of the Joint Africa-EU Strategy: different instruments for different needs

To implement the Joint Africa EU Strategy, Africa and the European Union committed to work closely together to secure appropriate funding. The Partnership Document states that the financing of the Joint Africa EU Strategy is a joint responsibility that goes far beyond the European Commission: "Where possible [Community] instruments will be complemented by further contribution by EU Members States. Moreover, whenever possible, African financial instruments and AU Member States shall contribute to this process and an involvement of African financial institutions such as the African Development Bank will be ensured as appropriate ".

The European Commission has made efforts to mainstream the Strategy within the existing instruments within the EU Budget and the European Development Fund (EDF) that will continue during the respective Mid Term Review of the existing national, regional and superregional financial envelopes.

The EU delegation to the African Union has been delegated with the management of several projects. By the end of 2011, the Operations Section at the delegation will be directly responsible for the management of 10 projects amounting to approximately 170Mio Euro. These projects are of pan-African nature. Among the flagship projects of the Delegation is the African Union Support Program (55 Mio. Euro), providing institutional support to the AU and its organs. Other activities also support initiatives across the entire continent, involving studies, workshops and deployment of Technical Assistance. The funding comes both from Community budget lines as well as from the 9th and 10th EDF, notably the Intra-ACP envelope.

List of projects per sector:

Institutional support

  • African Union Support Program (55 Mio. Euro)
  • Technical Cooperation Facility (pending of devolution)  (1.7 Mio Euro)

Agriculture, environment and climate change

  • Support to the Global Climate Change Alliance under the 10th EDF Intra-ACP financial framework: Climate Information Development for Africa component. (8 Mio Euro)
  • Support to the Implementation of the Great Green Wall for the Sahara and Sahel Initiative(GGWSSI) (1.4 Mio Euro)
  • African Monitoring of Environment for Sustainable Development (AMESD) (21 Mio Euro)
  • Monitoring of Environment and Security in Africa (MESA) (pending devolution, currently in the identification phase)
  • Capacity Building in Support of Land Policy Development & Implementation in Africa (8.8 Mio. Euro)

Infrastructure

  • EU – Africa Partnership on Infrastructure, Preparatory Actions and Studies  (Port Moresby Declaration) (10Mio Euro)

Science and technology

  • ACP Research for sustainable development programme – Africa component (14. Mio Euro)

It should be noted that the Support for the Partnership on Peace and Security through the African Peace Facility (APF) is managed by Europe Aid at headquarters, with support of the Peace and Security Section at the Delegation. The global amount of the APF is of 600Mio Euro.

List of projects managed by Operational Section at the EU Delegation to the African Union

African Union Support Programme (AUSP)

Sector: Institutional Support/ Capacity building

EU Contribution: € 55 million from 9th European Development Fund – Intra ACP

Implementing organisation: African Union Commission

Duration: January 2007- December 2011 (with possible extension)

Description: The main objectives of the 9th EDF African Union Support Program are: (1) to enable the AU Commission to play an effective role as a “motor of the integration process; and (2) to facilitate the deepening of the partnership between the AU and the EU. This support package has since 2007 provided an integrated and a comprehensive support to AU institutions, notably to assist the AUC with speeding up the institutional transformation process (ITP). The EU grant is a multi-annual support Programme to the AU including the Commission of African Union (AUC, based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia) as well as three other AU Organs: the Pan African Parliament (PAP, based in Midrand, South Africa), the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights (AfCHPR, based in Arusha, Tanzania) and the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR, based in Banjul, The Gambia). The NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency (NPCA, Midrand, and South Africa) has just recently become a technical body of the AUC in replacement of the NEPAD Secretariat, but it has not benefited yet from this programme. IBAR (Nairobi, Kenya) is a specialized institution affiliate to the Department of Rural Economy and Agriculture of the African Union Commission and also benefits of this programme.

Location: Pan-African

Programme manager: maria.gonzalez-mata@eeas.europa.eu


Climate Information for Development in Africa (ClimDev-Africa)

Sector: Agriculture, environment and climate change

EU Contribution: amount and (% of total) € 8 million (out of a global package of € 40 million under the project "Support to the Global Climate Change Alliance, under the 10th EDF Intra-ACP financial framework). ClimDev Africa entails a total support of estimated US$ 140 million over 4 years in the first instance. It is important to note that since the Special Fund for ClimDev is meant to be demand-led, this figure is likely to be revised.

Implementing organisation: African Union Commission, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the African Development Bank (AfDB).

Duration: 4 years

Description: ClimDev is an African response to the need for good quality information and analysis to enable African leaders to make informed choices and decisions.
ClimDev-Africa aims at facilitating the development of policies, practices, services, observation networks and communication with stakeholders to enable effective management of the response to climate change in Africa. The programme is designed for all African countries and the seven Regional Economic Communities (RECs). Its Secretariat is located with the African Climate Policy Centre (ACPC) in Addis Ababa. A newly established unit at the AUC the Climate Change and Desertification Unit (CCDU) is an important component of our support. This unit will give political guidance and provide coordination to African Climate Change and Desertification stakeholders.

Activities of ACPC and the CCDU are directed at national and regional African actors and comprise advocacy services, capacity development, technical cooperation and knowledge sharing. Some specific activities are: training of Climate Change and desertification negotiators in each AU member state, training programs for the RECs on sustainable land management, dissemination of policy recommendations and the creation of a Fellowship Program to support sub-regional work programmes on Climate Change.

ClimDev-Africa will enhance response to climate change in Africa through: (i) building solid science and observational infrastructure; (ii) enabling strong working partnerships between government institutions, private sector, civil society and vulnerable communities; and (iii) creating and strengthening knowledge frameworks to support and integrate the actions required.

Location: Pan-African Project

The project has been managed by the Delegation since: 18January 2011

Programme manager:susanna.nilsson@eeas.europa.eu


Support to the Implementation of the Great Green Wall for the Sahara and the Sahel Initiative (GGWSSI)

Sector: Agriculture, environment and climate change

EU Contribution: € 1.4 million (out of € 1.750 million of total amount) From AAP 2010 of the Environment and Natural Resources Thematic Plan-ENRTP

Implementing organisation: The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations-FAO

Duration: 30 months (starting from March 2011)

Description: The aim of the EU support is to contribute to the effective and successful implementation of the GGWSSI as a tool for poverty alleviation, combating desertification and adapting to climate change.
It has evolved from a massive tree planting initiative to stop southwards spread of the Sahara from Dakar to Djibouti to a holistic set of initiatives to encourage adoption of Sustainable Land Management practices which rehabilitate degraded crop, pasture, range and wood lands; protect specific areas from sand encroachment and contribute to adaptation (and mitigation) of climate change.
It is designed to support the African Union Commission in the implementation of the GGWSSI in the framework of the 6th EU-Africa Partnership on Climate Change and Environment.
This project will, in particular, aim at enhancing the capacity (both in technical and financial mobilization terms) of the AUC, the CEN-SAD Secretariat, the recently established Pan-African Great Green Wall Agency and the eight partner countries selected by the African Union Commission (Algeria, Algeria, Burkina Faso, Egypt, Mauritania, Nigeria, the Gambia, Senegal and the Sudan) in coordination and collaboration with the Regional Economic Community Partners (ECOWAS, IGAD, UMA), CILSS and OSS, the Global Mechanism of the UNCCD and ICRAF. FAO being the implementing agency for this project as well as leading the technical cooperation project in support to the implementation of GGWSSI in Chad, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Mali and Niger, will ensure coordination between the two.

Location: 8 target countries (Algeria; Burkina Faso; Egypt; Mauritania; Nigeria; The Gambia; Senegal; Sudan) as well as regional CEN-SAD , CILSS , ECOWAS , IGAD , OSS and UMA

The project has been managed by the Delegation since: 25 March 2011.

Programme manager: Chiara.tardivo@eeas.europa.eu

 


 

Capacity Building in Support of Land Policy Development & Implementation in Africa (LPI)

Land Policy Initiative

Sector: Agriculture, environment and climate change

EU Contribution: € 8.8 million out of a global project of € 10 million (joint co-financing with UNECA and IFAD). 10th European Development Fund – Intra ACP
Implementing organisation: UNECA, African Union Commission and African Development Bank

Duration: until January 2015

Description: The overall objective is to facilitate the implementation of the "Framework and Guidelines on Land Policy in Africa"(F&G) (adopted by the AU Summit in July 2009) through: (i) enhanced capacity of the AU-ECA-AfDB LPI Consortium, RECs, African governments, civil society and other stakeholders in land policy development, implementation and monitoring; (ii) improved land information systems, increased networking, lesson learning and knowledge sharing among practitioners in land policy and increased monitoring of progress in land policy development and implementation. The LPI Secretariat, located at UNECA in Addis Ababa, is the implementer of the EU grant and supports and coordinates the efforts of RECs, Governments and CSOs in the activities mentioned under (i) and (ii).

LPI is part of CADDP Pillar I, and for any project or programme on land policy in Africa there are synergies to be sought with the LPI. Some specific activities with direct implications for other Delegations are:  Regional Land Policy Experts will be recruited for ECOWAS and SADC, there will be regional trainings of trainers as well as for policy makers and practitioners, 12 pilot countries (TBC) will test the usage of land indicators and a web-based facility on land policy information will be set up. The LPI Secretariat will also coordinate a community of practitioners in land policy development.

This project falls in line with various priority areas of the Africa-EU Strategic Partnership and is complementary to EC support to continental and regional institutions in some of these priority areas, especially:  (i) Millennium Development Goals; (ii) Peace and Security; (iii) Democratic Governance and Human Rights; (iv) Trade, Regional Integration and Infrastructure; and (v) Climate Change.

Location: Pan-African

The project has been managed by the Delegation since: 20 February 2011.

Programme manager: susanna.nilsson@eeas.europa.eu


African Monitoring of Environment for Sustainable Development (AMESD)

Sector: Agriculture, environment and climate change

EU Contribution: € 21 million (including EC funding via RIPs)9th European Development Fund – Intra ACP

Implementing organisation: African Union Commission (AUC)

Duration: 2007 – 2013 (Operational implementation ends in June 2013).

Description: AMESD is a pan-African Program coordinated by the African Union Commission (AUC) which addresses the need for improved environmental monitoring towards sustainable management of natural resources in five regions of sub-Saharan Africa, namely CEMAC, ECOWAS, IGAD, IOC and SADC, involving 48 countries.

The overall objective of the programme is to enhance monitoring for preparedness and adaptation to environmental change, including sustainable management of the environment thereby contributing to poverty alleviation in the poorest area of the world.

The purpose of the programme is to increase the information management capacity of African regional and national institutions in support of decision makers at different levels and to facilitate sustainable access to Africa-wide environmental information derived from Earth Observation technologies.

It is a concrete action within the 6th EU-Africa Partnership on Climate Change and Environment. Synergies exist also with the 8th Partnership on Science, Information Society and Space, focusing on the use of space-based information to support inter alia natural resources and environmental security objectives in Africa.

For further information: www.amesd.org;   it is possible to subscribe online to receive html version of AMESD newsletter (already being distributed to Delegations' HoDs and Delegations' general email addresses)

The continental approach is supported by five regional thematic actions (THEMA) prioritized by each of the five RECs and implemented by Regional Implementation Centres (RICs) identified by the RECs. The five THEMAs are implemented through Grant agreements between the AUC and the RICs.

Regional Economic Community - REC

Regional Thematic Action – THEMA

Regional Implementation Centre – RIC

CEMAC

Management of Water Resources

CICOS, Kinshasa

ECOWAS

Water Management for Cropland and Rangeland Management

AGRHYMET, Niamey

IGAD

Land Degradation Mitigation and Natural Habitat Conservation

ICPAC, Nairobi

IOC

Coastal and Marine Management

MOI, Quatre-Bornes

SADC

Agricultural and Environmental Resource Management

BDMS, Gaborone

Location: Pan-African (Sub-Saharan Africa)

Programme manager: Chiara.tardivo@eeas.europa.eu


Monitoring of Environment and Security in Africa (MESA)

Sector: Agriculture, environment and climate change

EU Contribution: € 20 million (additional EC funding expected via RIPs, up to € 37 million). 10th European Development Fund – Intra ACP

Implementing organisation:

Duration: the programme is planned for the beginning of 2012

Description: The program builds on investment made under AMESD and aims to support of the broader GMES Initiative* in positioning Africa to fully benefit from the progress in Space Earth Observation science, which can provide powerful decision support tools for natural resources management, environmental and security monitoring and communication to support economic transformation, the achievement of the MDGs and sustainable development on the continent. It is prepared in the context of the 6th EU-Africa Partnership on Climate Change and Environment and the 8th Partnership on Science, Information Society and Space.

More specifically it aims at: (i) establishing a framework and long-term cooperation and exchange structure between European and African stakeholders for the development of operational information services in the exploitation of satellite-based and in situ observation data for the monitoring of the environment and security that support environmental management and sustainable development in Africa at the continental, regional and national levels; (ii) enhancing evidence-based decision-making for improved environmental and security management; (iii) improving information services provision responding to African needs; (iv) supporting capacity-building, training and ownership among African stakeholders; (v) supporting appropriate EO and ICT infrastructure; and (vi) building on the achievements of the AMESD project and avoiding important gaps in the transition to the GMES-Africa programme.

Location: Pan African (Sub-Saharan Africa)

Programme manager: Chiara.tardivo@eeas.europa.eu

* MESA should not be confused with the GMES and Africa initiative, which is the broader framework or vision for the extension of the European GMES programme to Africa, of which the MESA project is merely one component. The MESA project will ensure that the achievements made by the AMESD are sustained and placed in the context of the wider GMES and Africa initiative


EU – Africa Partnership on Infrastructure, Preparatory Actions and Studies (Port Moresby)

Sector: Infrastructure

EU Contribution: € 10 million from the 9th European Development Fund – Intra ACP

Implementing organisation: African Union Commission (AUC)

Duration: Operational implementation ends in December 2011

Description: This programme is prepared in the context of the EU-Africa Partnership on Infrastructure. The Partnership, a joint EU effort, responds to the development goals of the AU and NEPAD. It aims to substantially increase EU investment in African infrastructure and delivery of transport, energy, water and ICT services.

The overall objective is to contribute to sustainable economic development growth, interconnectivity, regional integration and poverty reduction, in line with the objectives of the EU-Africa Infrastructure Partnership, through the mobilisation of resources for regional infrastructure projects. It also helps the AUC and related institutions in formulating, assessing, designing and monitoring regional and continental infrastructure policies and programmes responding effectively to the infrastructure challenges the continent faces.

Location: Pan-African

The project has been managed by the Delegation since: 11 March 2011

Programme manager: alejandro.diz-rodriguez@eeas.europa.eu


ACP Research for sustainable development programme

Sector: Science and technology

EU Contribution: Component A – Africa: € 14.7 million
<>(Component B – Caribbean and Pacific: € 4.8 million, not devolved)10th European Development Fund – Intra ACP

Implementing organisation: African Union Commission (AUC)

Duration: Operational implementation ends in January 2018

Description: In the context of the EU-Africa Strategy, an AU-EU Research Grants programme was jointly identified (DG Research and AUC department of Human Resources Science & Technology) as one of the six "early deliverables" during the EU-AU College to College meeting (1st October 2008) and subsequently endorsed by the African Ministerial Council on Science and Technology (AMCOST III) Bureau (Abuja, December 2008).

The overall objective of this research programme is to ensure progress towards MDGs and strengthen international economic competitiveness of ACP countries through research.

More specifically, it deals with providing support to research activities that contribute to: (i) the sustainable development of ACP countries and the fight against poverty; and (ii) the ability of RECs to design, implement and monitor R&D programmes.

The first Call for Proposals for Africa component was launched on 16/12/2010, with the deadline for submission of proposals being set to 03/05/2011.

Location: ACP-countries

The project has been managed by the Delegation since: 1 March 2011.

Programme manager: alejandro.diz-rodriguez@eeas.europa.eu