EU Border Assistance Mission (EUBAM) in Libya
EUBAM Libya supports the Libyan authorities in developing border management and security at the country’s land, sea and air borders. It does not carry out any executive functions and the Mission is to achieve its objectives mainly through the transfer of know-how, not funds. In practice, the work is carried out through advising, training and mentoring the Libyan authorities in strengthening the border services in accordance with international standards and best practices, and by advising the Libyan authorities on the development of a national Integrated Border Management (IBM) strategy.
The Mission has visited a number of sites: Ra's Ajdir, Ghadames, Misrata, Nalut and Sebha. It has also trained and provided border management advice in some of these locations, most notably at Ghadames, close to the Algerian and Tunisian borders. Dozens of Libyan border management staff attended EUBAM training in the town.
Seminars on aviation security and maritime borders have been held in Tripoli with local officials. The Mission, working in coordination with Frontex, the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union, also facilitated an IBM training of Libyan officials from the Border Guard, Coast Guard, Border Police and Customs at the Frontex Headquarters in Warsaw.
In addition to assisting the Libyan authorities in developing their practical border management skills through training, the Mission advises and mentors Libyan officials at strategic level. In accordance with the principle of local ownership, EUBAM Libya supported the setting up of the Border Management Working Group (BMWG), the central body coordinating inputs of Libya's border management agencies. The Mission has also taken the lead, in close cooperation with the BMWG, in coordinating international support in the field of border management.
The content of EUBAM Libya's training, advising and mentoring activities covers all areas of IBM, such as intra and inter-agency cooperation, risk management methods, optimal use of existing equipment and restructuring of agencies to increase effectiveness. These efforts will contribute to state-consolidation, economic development, and the fight against organised crime and terrorism in the country and the wider region.
The Mission's mandate pertains only to Libya. However, the strengthening of the Libyan borders should be seen in the wider regional perspective considering the specificities of the Maghreb and Sahel regions. The Mission therefore advises the Libyans on international engagement and cooperation, particularly with its neighbouring countries.
COORDINATING WORK WITH INTERNATIONAL PARTNERS
EUBAM Libya co-chairs, with the Libyan authorities, the International Coordination Meeting on Border Management. This body brings together different countries and organisations which would like to support Libya in the border management field. The Mission has also developed good bi-lateral working relations with the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL), EU Member States and other key actors.